Fitzmaurice C, Dicker D, Pain A, Hamavid H, Moradi-Lakeh M, et al. The global burden of cancer 2013. JAMA oncol. 2015;1(4):505–27.
Napier KJ, Scheerer M, Misra S. Esophageal cancer: a Review of epidemiology, pathogenesis, staging workup and treatment modalities. World J Gastrointest Oncol. 2014;6(5):112–20.
GBD 2017 Disease injury Incidence Prevalence Collaborators. Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 354 diseases and injuries for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. Lancet. 2018;392(10159):1789–858.
Arnold M, Soerjomataram I, Ferlay J, Forman D. Global incidence of oesophageal cancer by histological subtype in 2012. Gut. 2015;64(3):381–7.
Chen WQ, Zheng RS, Zhang SW, Zeng HM, Zuo TT, Xia CF, et al. Cancer incidence and mortality in China in 2013: an analysis based on urbanization level. Chin J Cancer Res. 2017;29(1):1–10.
Chinese Society of Gastroenterology gastrointestinal cancer group CSoDEedatgadpg. Expert consensus on china screening, diagnosis and treatment of early-stage and precancerous lesion of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Chin J Intern Med. 2016;55(1):73–85.
Reid BJ, Li X, Galipeau PC, Vaughan TL. Barrett’s oesophagus and oesophageal adenocarcinoma: time for a new synthesis. Nat Rev Cancer. 2010;10(2):87–101.
Engel LS, Chow WH, Vaughan TL, Gammon MD, Risch HA, Stanford JL, et al. Population attributable risks of esophageal and gastric cancers. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2003;95(18):1404–13.
Hu GY, Dong P, Yan WQ, Xi Q. Discovery approach and economic burden of six kinds of common cancers patients in Beijing. Cancer Res Prev Treat. 2015;42(2):171–6.
Pennathur A, Gibson MK, Jobe BA, Luketich JD. Oesophageal carcinoma. Lancet (London, England). 2013;381(9864):400–12.
Dai M, Shi JF, Li N. Design and expected goal of early diagnosis and treatment of cancer project in Chinese cities. Chin J Prev Med. 2013;47(2):179–82.
Health disease Prevention and Control Bureau, Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment Project Expert Committee. Guideline for Early diagnosis and treatment of cancer. Beijing: Beijing People’s Medical Publishing House; 2011.
Stephen BE, David RB, Carolyn CC, April GF, Frederick LG, Yrotti A. AJCC cancer staging manual. Am Joint Committ Cancer. 2010;2010:103–15.
Li YY, Du LB, Hu XQ, Jaiswal S, Gu SY, Gu YX, et al. A suggested framework for conductiong esophageal cancer screening in China. J Dig Dis. 2019;19:722–9.
Wei WQ, Chen ZF, He YT, Feng H, Hou J, Lin DM, et al. Long-term follow-up of a community assignment, one-time endoscopic screening study of esophageal cancer in China. J Clin Oncol. 2015;33(17):1951–7.
Barret M, Prat F. Diagnosis and treatment of superficial esophageal cancer. Ann Gastroenterol. 2018;31(3):256–65.
Nagami Y, Ominami M, Shiba M, Minamino H, Fukunaga S, Kameda N, et al. The five-year survival rate after endoscopic submucosal dissection for superficial esophageal squamous cell neoplasia. Dig Liver Dis. 2017;49(4):427–33.
Pauthner M, Haist T, Mann M, Lorenz D. Surgical therapy of early carcinoma of the esophagus. Viszeralmedizin. 2015;31(5):326–30.
Wang G, Hao C, Wei W. Longterm survival rate of precancerous lesions and early esophageal cancers after endoscopic mucosal resection. Chin J Digest Endosc. 2008;25(11):584–6.
Drummond MF, Sculpher MJ, Claxton K, Stoddart GL, Torrance GW. Methods for the economic evaluation of health care programmes. 4th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2015.
WHO-CHOICE. Cost-effectiveness threshold. http://www.who.int/choice/costs/CER_thresholds/en/index.html. Accessed 16 March, 2012.
Health Commission of Zhejiang Province. Price of medical services in provincial public hospitals. http://www.zjwjw.gov.cn/art/2017/5/22/art_1267707_452.html. Accepted 22 May 2017.
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development(OECD) (2017) PPPs and exchange rates: purchasing power parities for GDP. https://statsoecdorg/Indexaspx?datasetcode=SNA_Table4. Accessed 16 Jul 2017.
National Bureau of Statistics of the People’s Republic of China. Health service price index. http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/ndsj/2018/indexch.htm.
Wang Y, Shi J, Du L, Huang H, Wang L, Zhu J, et al. Health-related quality of life in patients with esophageal cancer or precancerous lesions assessed by EQ-5D: a multicenter cross-sectional study. Thorac Cancer. 2020;11(4):1076–89.
Wang H, Pan Y, Guo C, Li F, Xu R, Liu M, et al. Health-related quality of life among rural residents aged 45–69 years in Hua County, Henan Province, China: results of ESECC Trial for esophageal cancer screening with endoscopy. Chin J Cancer Res. 2018;30(2):240–53.
Doherty MK, Leung Y, Su J, Naik H, Patel D, Eng L, et al. Health utility scores from EQ-5D and health-related quality of life in patients with esophageal cancer: a real-world cross-sectional study. Dis Esophagus. 2018;31:12.
Smith DH, Gravelle H. The practice of discounting in economic evaluations of healthcare interventions. Int J Technol Assess Health Care. 2001;17(2):236–43.
Committee of Chinese society of pharmaceutical economics. China Guidelines for Pharmacoecomonic Evaluations (2019 Edition).
Mao WM, Jin F, Yu M. Zhejiang cancer registry annual report. Hangzhou: Zhejiang Science and Technology Press; 2016.
Miller DK, Homan SM. Determining transition probabilities: confusion and suggestions. Med Decis Mak. 1994;14(1):52–8.
Whang SJ, Zhang LW, Wen DG, Li YS, Yu WF, Wang XL, et al. Analysis of endoscopic screening for the natural history of precancerous lesions in esophagus and cardia. Chian Cancer. 2007;34(7):370–3.
Wen D, Zhang L, Wang X, Li Y, Ma C, Liu X, et al. A 55-year surveillance of esophageal and gastric cardia precursors after a population-based screening in China. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2015;30(12):1720–5.
Wen DG, Zhang LW, Wang XL, Wen X, Yang Y, Chen YT, et al. Heterogeneity in esophageal and gastric cardia precursor progression during six-year endoscopic surveillance after population-based screening in a Chinese high-risk region. Thorac Cancer. 2017;8(4):328–36.
Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Esophageal Cancer Prevention and Treatment Research Team in Linxian. Outcome of esophageal epithelial hyperplasia: summary of follow-up by cytological examination. Cancer Res Prev Treat. 1974;1:42–6.
He YL, Zhang WJ, Liu YQ. Analysis of endoscopic screening for upper digestive tract cancer in Gaotai County, 2011–2015. China Cancer. 2017;26(6):447–51.
Lh L. Analysis of esophageal cancer/cardia cancer screening with iodine staining method throug endoscopy and esophageal atypical hyperplasia fellow-up in XianJu [Maser thesis]. Zhejiang: Zhejiang University; 2014.
Wang LD, Hq G. The development of esophageal epithelial hyperplasia-six years’ follow-up of 66 subjects. J Henan Med Univ. 1991;26(4):328–30.
Dawsey SM, Lewin KJ, Wang GQ, Liu FS, Nieberg RK, Yu Y, et al. Squamous esophageal histology and subsequent risk of squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus. A prospective follow-up study from Linxian, China. Cancer. 1994;74(6):1686–92.
Wang LD, Yang HH, Fan ZM, Lu XD, Wang JK, Liu XL, et al. Cytological screening and 15 years’ follow-up (1986–2001) for early esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and precancerous lesions in a high-risk population in Anyang County, Henan Province, Northern China. Cancer Detect Prev. 2005;29(4):317–22.
Wang M. A prospective cohort study of the distribution and the progress rate of precancerous lesions of Eesophageal squamous cell carcinoma in high-risk areas of china. Chinese academy of medical sciences, Peking union medical college Master’s thesis. 2016.
Tao DM, Xu YZ, Gu YK, Wang DY, Wang XH, Gh Y. A study of the carcinogenesis time and incidence of carcinoma in 46161 cases with normal and Hyperplastic esophageal epithelia. Cancer Prev Res. 1997;1997:155–6.
Population Census Office of the State Council, Population Statistics Department of National Bureau of Statistics. Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people’s republic of China. 2012. http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/pcsj/rkpc/6rp/indexch.htm. Accessed 1 Dec 2012.
Chen WQ, Li N, Shi JF, Chen HD, Li J, et al. Progress of cancer screening program in urban China. China Cancer. 2019;28(1):23–5.
Dawsey SM, Fleischer DE, Wang GQ, Zhou B, Kidwell JA, Lu N, et al. Mucosal iodine staining improves endoscopic visualization of squamous dysplasia and squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus in Linxian, China. Cancer. 1998;83(2):220–31.
Hashimoto CL, Iriya K, Baba ER, Navarro-Rodriguez T, Zerbini MC, Eisig JN, et al. Lugol’s dye spray chromoendoscopy establishes early diagnosis of esophageal cancer in patients with primary head and neck cancer. Am J Gastroenterol. 2005;100(2):275–82.
Nakagawa K, Koike T, Iijima K, Shinkai H, Hatta W, Endo H, et al. Comparison of the long-term outcomes of endoscopic resection for superficial squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma of the esophagus in Japan. Am J Gastroenterol. 2014;109(3):348–56.
Yamashina T, Ishihara R, Nagai K, Matsuura N, Matsui F, Ito T, et al. Long-term outcome and metastatic risk after endoscopic resection of superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Am J Gastroenterol. 2013;108(4):544–51.
Tsujii Y, Nishida T, Nishiyama O, Yamamoto K, Kawai N, Yamaguchi S, et al. Clinical outcomes of endoscopic submucosal dissection for superficial esophageal neoplasms: a multicenter retrospective cohort study. Endoscopy. 2015;47(9):775–83.
Daoud DC, Suter N, Durand M, Bouin M, Faulques B, von Renteln D. Comparing outcomes for endoscopic submucosal dissection between Eastern and Western countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis. World J Gastroenterol. 2018;24(23):2518–36.
Konda VJ, Ross AS, Ferguson MK, Hart JA, Lin S, Naylor K, et al. Is the risk of concomitant invasive esophageal cancer in high-grade dysplasia in Barrett’s esophagus overestimated? Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2008;6(2):159–64.
Rice TW, Lerut TE, Orringer MB, Chen LQ, Hofstetter WL, Smithers BM, et al. Worldwide Esophageal Cancer Collaboration: neoadjuvant pathologic staging data. Dis Esoph. 2016;29(7):715–23.
Gockel I, Sgourakis G, Lyros O, Polotzek U, Schimanski CC, Lang H, et al. Risk of lymph node metastasis in submucosal esophageal cancer: a review of surgically resected patients. Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2011;5(3):371–84.
Chan DS, Reid TD, Howell I, Lewis WG. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the influence of circumferential resection margin involvement on survival in patients with operable oesophageal cancer. Br J Surg. 2013;100(4):456–64.
Chen SB, Weng HR, Wang G, Yang JS, Yang WP, Liu DT, et al. Surgical treatment for early esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2013;14(6):3825–30.
Fujita H, Sueyoshi S, Yamana H, Shinozaki K, Toh U, Tanaka Y, et al. Optimum treatment strategy for superficial esophageal cancer: endoscopic mucosal resection versus radical esophagectomy. World J Surg. 2001;25(4):424–31.
Stein HJ, Feith M, Mueller J, Werner M, Siewert JR. Limited resection for early adenocarcinoma in Barrett’s esophagus. Ann Surg. 2000;232(6):733–42.
Mitsuo T, Hiroshi Y, Shoichi K, Naoki H, Dipok KD, Shun’ichi A, et al. Clinicopathological features of superficial squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus. Am J Surg. 1997;174:49–53.
van Sandick JW, van Lanschot JJ, ten Kate FJ, Offerhaus GJ, Fockens P, Tytgat GN, et al. Pathology of early invasive adenocarcinoma of the esophagus or esophagogastric junction: implications for therapeutic decision making. Cancer. 2000;88(11):2429–37.
Yoshinaka H, Shimazu H, Fukumoto T, Baba M. Superficial esophageal carcinoma: a clinicopathological review of 59 cases. Am J Gastroenterol. 1991;86(10):1413–8.
Natsugoe S, Baba M, Yoshinaka H, Kijima F, Shimada M, Shirao K, et al. Mucosal squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus: a clinicopathologic study of 30 cases. Oncology. 1998;55(3):235–41.
Sgourakis G, Gockel I, Lang H. Endoscopic and surgical resection of T1a/T1b esophageal neoplasms: a systematic review. World J Gastroenterol. 2013;19(9):1424–37.
Karstens KF, Izbicki JR, Reeh M. Does the margin matter in esophageal cancer. Dig Surg. 2018;35(3):196–203.
Knight WRC, Zylstra J, Wulaningsih W, Van Hemelrijck M, Landau D, Maisey N, et al. Impact of incremental circumferential resection margin distance on overall survival and recurrence in oesophageal adenocarcinoma. BJS Open. 2018;2(4):229–37.
Zou ZH, Liao XZ, Xu KK, Shi ZH, Zhu SL, Hf X. Analysis of screening results of 6400 urban lung cancer in high-risk groups. Pract Prev Med. 2016;23(5):593–4.
Saddoughi SA, Reinersman JM, Zhukov YO, Taswell J, Mara K, Harmsen SW, et al. Survival after surgical resection of stage IV esophageal cancer. Ann Thorac Surg. 2017;103(1):261–6.
Rice TW, Ishwaran H, Hofstetter WL, Kelsen DP, Apperson-Hansen C, Blackstone EH, et al. Recommendations for pathologic staging (pTNM) of cancer of the esophagus and esophagogastric junction for the 8th edition AJCC/UICC staging manuals. Dis Esoph. 2016;29(8):897–905.
U.S. National cancer Institution(2019). Cancer Stat Fact Sheets: Esophageal Cancer. http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/esoph.html.
Chen ZL, Ren YH, Du XLL, Yang J, Shen YW, Li ST, et al. Incidence and survival differences in esophageal cancer among ethnic groups in the United States. Oncotarget. 2017;8(29):47037–51.