World Health Organization (2015). Country statistics and global health estimates by WHO and UN partner (Nigeria: WHO statistical profile). http://www.who.int/gho/countries/nga.pdf.
Kong X, Yang Y, Gao J, Guan J, Liu Y, Wang R, Xing B, Li Y, Ma W. Overview of the health care system in Hong Kong and its referential significance to mainland China. J Chin Med Assoc. 2015;78:569–73.
Matranga D, Bono F, Casuccio A, Firenze A, Maesala L, Giaimo R, Sapienza F, Vitale F. Evaluating the effect of organization and context on technical efficiency; a second-stage DEA analysis of Italian hospitals. Epidemiol Biostat Public Health. 2014;11(1):87851–878511.
Shaw C. How can hospital performance be measured and monitored? Copenhagen, WHO Regional Office for Europe (Health Evidence Network report. 2013; http://www.euro.who.int/document/e82975.pdf).
Veilland J, Champagne F, Klapinga N, Kazandjian V, Arah AO, Guisset L. A performance assessment framework for hospitals: the WHO regional office for Europe PATH project. Int J Qual Health Care. 2005;17(6):487–96.
McNatt Z, Linnander E, Endeshaw A, Tatek D, Conteh D, Bradley BH. A national System for monitoring the performance of Hospitals in Ethiopia. WHO Bull. 2015;93(10):719–26.
Akazili J, Adjuik M, Chatio S, Kanyomse E, Hodgson A, Aikins M, Giapong J. What are the technical and allocative efficiencies of Public Health Centres in Ghana? Ghana Med J. 2008;42(4):149–55.
Bahadori M, Sadeghifar J, Hamonzadeh M, Nejati M. Combining multiple indicators to assess hospital performance in Iran using the Pabon Lasso Model. Australas Med J. 2011;4(4):175–9.
Zere E. Hospital Efficiency in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from South Africa. UNU World Institute for Development Economic Research, Helsinki, Finland: working 2000; Paper.No. 187.
Kirigia JM, Emrouznejad A, Sambo LG. Measurement of technical efficiency of public hospitals in Kenya: using data envelopment analysis. J Med Syst. 2002;26(1):39–45.
Osei D, George M, Almeida S, Kirigia JM, Mensah AO, Kainyu LH. Technical efficiency of public district hospitals and health centres in Ghana: a pilot study. Cost Eff Resourc Alloc. 2005;3(9):1–13.
Zere E, Shangula K, Mandlhate C, Mutirua K, Tjivambi B, Kapenambili W. Technical Efficiency of District Hospitals: Evidence from Nambia Using DEA. Cost Effectiveness and Resource allocation. 2006;4:5.
Odhiambosa J, Wambugu A, Kiriti-Nganga T. Effect of health expenditure on child health in Sub-Saharan Africa: government perspective. J Econ Sust Dev. 2015;6(8):43–65.
Kpamor Z. Nigeria’s health statistics and trends: the Woodrow Wilson Intl Isboa, Lisbon, Portugal. Eur J Public Health. 2012;25(4):52–8.
Masoompour MS, Petramfar P, Farhadi P, Mahdaviazad H. Five-year trend analysis of capacity utilization measures in a teaching hospital 2008–2014. Shiraz E-Med J. 2015;16(2):ez1176.
Kawaguchi H, Tone K, Tsutsui M. Estimation of the efficiency of Japanese hospitals using a dynamic and network data envelopment analysis model. Health Care Manag Sci. 2014;17:101. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10729-013-9248-9.
Bahadori M, Izadi AR, Ghardashi F, Ravangard R, Hosseini SM. The evaluation of hospital performance in Iran: a systematic review article. Iran J Public Health. 2016;45(7):855–66.
Davis P, Milne B, Parker K, Hider P, Lay-Yee R, Cumming J, Graham P. Efficiency, effectiveness, equity (E3). Evaluating hospital performance in three dimensions. Health Policy. 2013;112:19–27.
Nigeria National Population Commission (NNPC) [Nigeria] and ICF Macro. Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey 2008. Abuja: National Populaton Commission and ICF Macro; 2008. p. 2015.
Mehrtak M, Yusefzadeh H, Jaafaripooyan E. Pabon Lasso and data envelopment analysis: a complementary approach to hospital performance measurement. Glob J Health Sci. 2014;6(4):107–16.
Pabon LH. Evaluating hospital performance through simultaneous application of several indicators. Bull Pan Am Health Org. 1986;20(4):341–57.
Adham D, Panah M, Barfar I, Amari H, Sadeghi G, Salarikhah E. Contemporary use of hospital efficiency indicators to evaluate hospital performance using the Pabon Lasso Model. Eur J Bus Soc Sci. 2014;13(2):1–08.
Mehrolhasani M, Fayzabad VY, Shahrbabak TB. Assessing performance of Kerman province’s hospitals using Pabon Lasso Diagram between 2008 and 2010. J Hosp. 2014;12(4):99–108.
Goshtasebi A, Vahdaninia M, Gorgipour R, Samanpour A, Maftoon F, Farzadiand F, Ahmadi F. Assessing, hospital performance by Pabon Lasso model. Iran J Public Health. 2009;38(2):119–24.
World Health Organization (WHO). Global health expenditure atlas. Geneva: World Health Organization. http://www.who.int/health-accounts/atlas2014.pdf.
Mohebbifar R, Sokhanvar M, Hasanpoor E, Isfahani HM, Ziaiifar H, Kakenam E, Mohseni A. Survey on the performance of hospitals of Qazvin province by the Pabon Lasso model. Int Res J Biol Sci. 2014;3(12):5–9.
Mujasi PN, Asbu EZ, Puig-Junoy J. How efficient are referral hospitals in Uganda? A data envelopment analysis and Tobit regression approach. BMC Health Serv Res. 2016;8(16):230.
Renner A, Kirigia JM, Zere EA, Barry SP, Kirigia DG, Kamara C, Muthuri LHK. Technical efficiency of peripheral units in Pajehun District of Sierra Leone: a DEA application. BMC Health Serv Res. 2005;5(77):1–12.
Kirigia MM, Asbu EZ, Kirigia DG, Onwujekwe OE, Fonta WM, Ichoku HE. Technical efficiency of human resources for health in Africa. Eur J Bus Manag. 2011;3(4):321–45.
Barnum H, Kutzin J. Public hospitals in developing countries: Resource use, cost, financing. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press; 1993.
Accorsi S, Corrado B, Fabiani M, Iriso R, Nattabi B, Ayella EO. Competing demands and limited resources in the context of war, poverty and disease: the case of Lacor hospital. Health Policy Dev J. 2003;1:29–39.
Younsi M, Chakroun M. Measuring health-related quality of life: psychometric evaluation of the Tunisian version of the SF-12 health survey. Qual Life Res. 2014;23(7):93. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-014-0641-8.
NabuKeera M, Boerhannoeddin A, Raja Noriza RA. An evaluation of health centers and hospital efficiency in Kampala capital city authority Uganda: using Pabon Lasso technique. J Health Transl Med. 2015;18(1):12–7. https://doi.org/10.5430/wjss.v1n2p86.
Ghobad M, Bakhtiar P, Hossein S, Nader EN, Amjad MB, Arezoo Y. Assessment of the efficiency of hospitals before and after the implementation of Health Sector Evolution Plan in Iran Based on Pabon Lasso Model. Iran J Public Health. 2017;46(3):389–95.
Kalhor R, Salehi A, Kechavarz A, Bastani P, Orojloo PA. Ssessing hospital performance in Iran using the Pabon Lasso model. Asia Pac J Health Manag. 2014;9(2):77–82.
Lotfi F, Kalhor R, Bastani P, Zadeh NS, Eslamian M, Dehghani MR, Kiaee M. Various indicators for the assessment of hospitals’ performance status: differences and similarities. Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2014;16(4):1–7.
Nwagbara VC, Rasiah R. Rethinking health care commercialization: evidence from Malaysia. Glob Health. 2015;11(1):44. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12992-015-0131-y.
Awofeso N, Rammohan A, Asmaripa A. Exploring Indonesia’s “low hospital bed utilization-low bed occupancy-high disease burden” paradox. J Hosp Adm. 2013;2(1):49–58.
Goudarzi R, Pourreza A, Shokoohi M, Askari R, Mhdavi M, Moghri J. Technical efficiency of teaching hospitals in Iran: the use of Stochastic Frontier Analysis, 1999–2011. Int J Health Policy Manag. 2014;3(2):91–7.
Kalhor R, Ramandi F. D., Rafiel, S., Rafiel, S., et al. (2016). Performance analysis of hospitals affiliated to Mashhad University of medical sciences using Pabon Lasso model: A six year trend study. Biotech Health Sci. 3(4).
Gholipour K, Delgoshai B, Masudi-Asl I, Hajinabi K, Iezadi S. Comparing performance of Tabrz obstetrics and gynawecology hospitals manged as autonomous and budgetary units using Pabon Lasso method. Australas Med J. 2013;6(12):701–7.
Ravaghi H, Afshari M, Isfahani P, Bélorgeot VD. A systematic review on hospital inefficiency in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: sources and solutions. BMC Health Serv Res. 2019;19:830. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-019-4701-1.