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  1. In the US, the prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) has surpassed the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), with about 3.3 million people chronically infected with the disease. Given the aging of ...

    Authors: Jennifer M. Poonsapaya, Michael Einodshofer, Heather S. Kirkham, Pheophilus Glover and Janeen DuChane

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2015 13:17

    Content type: Research

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  2. Prepaid contributory systems are increasingly being recognized as key mechanisms in achieving universal health coverage in low and middle-income countries. Peru created the Seguro Integral de Salud (SIS) to in...

    Authors: Daniel Cobos Muñoz, Kristian Schultz Hansen, Fern Terris-Prestholt, Fiona Cianci, José Enrique Pérez-Lu, Aldo Lama and Patricia J. García

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2015 13:16

    Content type: Research

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  3. After implementation of the PREDICA annual chest X-ray (CXR) screening program in smokers in the general practice setting of Varese-Italy a significant reduction in lung cancer-specific mortality (18 %) was ob...

    Authors: Paolo Pertile, Albino Poli, Lorenzo Dominioni, Nicola Rotolo, Elisa Nardecchia, Massimo Castiglioni, Massimo Paolucci, William Mantovani and Andrea Imperatori

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2015 13:15

    Content type: Research

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  4. This study was carried out at district level to describe the cost structure and measure the effectiveness of delivering supplementary immunization activity (SIA) and routine immunization (RI) for measles in Be...

    Authors: Landry Kaucley and Pierre Levy

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2015 13:14

    Content type: Research

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  5. Tiotropium (TIO) is a well-established bronchodilator, LAMA (long-acting anticholinergic), for the treatment of moderate to very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Clinical evidence suggests ...

    Authors: Oskar Eklund, Faraz Afzal and Fredrik Borgström

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2015 13:13

    Content type: Research

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  6. For end-users of diabetes models that include UKPDS 82 risk equations, an important question is how well these new equations perform. Consequently, the principal objective of this study was to validate the UKP...

    Authors: Philip McEwan, Thomas Ward, Hayley Bennett and Klas Bergenheim

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2015 13:12

    Content type: Research

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  7. Certolizumab pegol, a PEGylated tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-inhibitor, improves the clinical signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) when used in combination with methotrexate or as monotherapy. This ...

    Authors: Álvaro Hidalgo-Vega, Renata Villoro, Juan Antonio Blasco, Pablo Talavera, Belén Ferro and Oana Purcaru

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2015 13:11

    Content type: Research

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  8. The aim of this study was to compare the cost-utility of the first available single-pill triple combination antihypertensive therapy containing valsartan (V), amlodipine (A) and hydrochlorothiazide (H), with e...

    Authors: Panagiotis Stafylas, Georgia Kourlaba, Magda Hatzikou, Dimitrios Georgiopoulos, Pantelis Sarafidis and Nikolaos Maniadakis

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2015 13:10

    Content type: Research

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  9. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disorder which can affect multiple organs of the body, requiring ongoing disease management and healthcare resource utilization. The economic impact o...

    Authors: Cindy Garris, Manan Shah and Eileen Farrelly

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2015 13:9

    Content type: Research

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  10. Globally, diarrhoea is the second leading cause of morbidity and mortality, responsible for the annual loss of about 10% of the total global childhood disease burden. In Tanzania, Rotavirus infection is the ma...

    Authors: George M Ruhago, Frida N Ngalesoni, Bjarne Robberstad and Ole F Norheim

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2015 13:7

    Content type: Research

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  11. Pneumococcal diseases in children under five years are common and preventable. In Colombia there are two pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV) that have proved clinical efficacy. The aim was to estimate the co...

    Authors: Jaime E Ordóñez and John Jairo Orozco

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2015 13:6

    Content type: Research

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  12. In 2004, the largest HIV prevention project (Avahan) conducted globally was implemented in India. Avahan was implemented by NGOs supported by state lead partners in order to provide HIV prevention services to ...

    Authors: Aurélia Lépine, Anna Vassall and Sudhashree Chandrashekar

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2015 13:5

    Content type: Research

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  13. The purpose of this study was to assess the consequences of a national immunization program with HPV vaccine for both boys and girls in Denmark, including the prophylactic effects on all potentially vaccine pr...

    Authors: Jens Olsen and Tine Rikke Jørgensen

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2015 13:4

    Content type: Research

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  14. This paper examines the cost-effectiveness of achieving increases in the use of oral rehydration solution and zinc supplementation in the management of acute diarrhea in children under 5 years through social f...

    Authors: David Bishai, Karampreet Sachathep, Amnesty LeFevre, Hnin New Nwe Thant, Min Zaw, Tin Aung, Willi McFarland and Dominic Montagu

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2015 13:3

    Content type: Research

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  15. Efficient and evidence-based medical device and equipment prioritization is of particular importance in low-income countries due to constraints in financing capacity, physical infrastructure and human resource...

    Authors: Richard J Lilford, Samantha L Burn, Karin D Diaconu, Peter Lilford, Peter J Chilton, Victoria Bion, Carole Cummins and Semira Manaseki-Holland

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2015 13:2

    Content type: Research

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  16. Understanding the cost-effectiveness and affordability of interventions to reduce maternal and newborn deaths is critical to persuading policymakers and donors to implement at scale. The effectiveness of commu...

    Authors: Tim Colbourn, Anni-Maria Pulkki-Brännström, Bejoy Nambiar, Sungwook Kim, Austin Bondo, Lumbani Banda, Charles Makwenda, Neha Batura, Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, Rachael Hunter, Anthony Costello, Gianluca Baio and Jolene Skordis-Worrall

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2015 13:1

    Content type: Research

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  17. Harm reduction strategies commonly include needle and syringe programmes (NSP), opioid substitution therapy (OST) and interventions combining these two strategies. Despite the proven effectiveness of harm-redu...

    Authors: Sung Wook Kim, Anni-Maria Pulkki-Brannstrom and Jolene Skordis-Worrall

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2014 12:25

    Content type: Research

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  18. The question of how to value lost productivity in economic evaluations has been subject of debate in the past twenty years. According to the Washington panel, lost productivity influences health-related qualit...

    Authors: Saskia Knies, Annelies Boonen and Johan L Severens

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2014 12:24

    Content type: Research

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  19. Research priority setting aims to gain consensus about areas where research effort will have wide benefits to society. While general principles for setting health research priorities have been suggested, there...

    Authors: Jamie Bryant, Rob Sanson-Fisher, Justin Walsh and Jessica Stewart

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2014 12:23

    Content type: Review

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  20. There is an increased interest in the use of multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) to support regulatory and reimbursement decision making. The EVIDEM framework was developed to provide pragmatic multi-crite...

    Authors: Janine van Til, Catharina Groothuis-Oudshoorn, Marijke Lieferink, James Dolan and Mireille Goetghebeur

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2014 12:22

    Content type: Research

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  21. In Benin, malaria was the leading cause of hospital consultation for children less than 5 years old (47.2%), and for all patients not hospitalized (42.3%). Its incidence among those who attended a health facil...

    Authors: Charles Patrick Makoutodé, Martine Audibert and Achille Massougbodji

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2014 12:21

    Content type: Research

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  22. Tuberculosis remains the leading cause of death in South Africa. A number of potential new TB vaccine candidates have been identified and are currently in clinical trials. One such candidate is MVA85A. This st...

    Authors: Liezl Channing and Edina Sinanovic

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2014 12:20

    Content type: Research

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  23. Iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) is prevalent in patients with advanced chronic heart failure (CHF). It affects the patients’ overall physical condition and is suggested as a strong outcome predictor in CHF. Recen...

    Authors: Eun-A Lim, Hyun-Soon Sohn, Haeyoung Lee and Sang-Eun Choi

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2014 12:19

    Content type: Research

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  24. This Guidance for Priority Setting in Health Care (GPS-Health), initiated by the World Health Organization, offers a comprehensive map of equity criteria that are relevant to health care priority setting and s...

    Authors: Ole F Norheim, Rob Baltussen, Mira Johri, Dan Chisholm, Erik Nord, DanW Brock, Per Carlsson, Richard Cookson, Norman Daniels, Marion Danis, Marc Fleurbaey, Kjell A Johansson, Lydia Kapiriri, Peter Littlejohns, Thomas Mbeeli, Krishna D Rao…

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2014 12:18

    Content type: Methodology

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  25. The aim of the study was to investigate the changes in costs and outcomes after the implementation of various disease management programs (DMPs), to identify their potential determinants, and to compare the co...

    Authors: Apostolos Tsiachristas, Jane Murray Cramm, Anna P Nieboer and Maureen PMH Rutten-van Mölken

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2014 12:17

    Content type: Research

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  26. To aid informed health sector decision-making, data from sufficient high quality economic evaluations must be available to policy makers. To date, no known study has analysed the quantity and quality of availa...

    Authors: Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, Aliasghar Ahmad Kiadaliri and Jolene Skordis-Worrall

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2014 12:15

    Content type: Review

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  27. High maternal and infant mortality continue to be major challenges to the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals for many low and middle-income countries. There is now evidence that voucher initiatives...

    Authors: Chrispus Mayora, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, David Bishai, David H Peters, Olico Okui and Sebastian Olikira Baine

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2014 12:14

    Content type: Research

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  28. The objective of this study was to develop a rating tool for policy makers to prioritize breast cancer interventions in low- and middle- income countries (LMICs), based on a simple multi-criteria decision anal...

    Authors: Kristie Venhorst, Sten G Zelle, Noor Tromp and Jeremy A Lauer

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2014 12:13

    Content type: Research

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  29. The continuing increase of pharmaceutical expenditure calls for new approaches to pricing and reimbursement of pharmaceuticals. Value based pricing of pharmaceuticals is emerging as a useful tool and possess t...

    Authors: Panagiotis Petrou and Michael A Talias

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2014 12:12

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. There is little evidence to date of the potential impact of vegetable gardens on people living with HIV (PLHIV), who often suffer from social and economic losses due to the disease. From 2008 through 2011, Act...

    Authors: Chloe Puett, Cécile Salpéteur, Elisabeth Lacroix, Simbarashe Dennis Zimunya, Anne-Dominique Israël and Myriam Aït-Aïssa

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2014 12:11

    Content type: Research

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  31. Low body mass index (BMI) individuals starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa have high rates of death and loss to follow-up in the first 6 months of treatment. Nutritiona...

    Authors: John R Koethe, Elliot Marseille, Mark J Giganti, Benjamin H Chi, Douglas Heimburger and Jeffrey S Stringer

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2014 12:10

    Content type: Research

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  32. In order to measure and analyse the technical efficiency of district hospitals in Ghana, the specific objectives of this study were to (a) estimate the relative technical and scale efficiency of government, mi...

    Authors: Caroline Jehu-Appiah, Serufusa Sekidde, Martin Adjuik, James Akazili, Selassi D Almeida, Frank Nyonator, Rob Baltussen, Eyob Zere Asbu and Joses Muthuri Kirigia

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2014 12:9

    Content type: Research

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  33. To evaluate the impact of using network meta-analysis (NMA) versus pair wise meta-analyses (PMA) for evidence synthesis on key outputs of cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA).

    Authors: Kristian Thorlund, Zafar Zafari, Eric Druyts, Edward J Mills and Mohsen Sadatsafavi

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2014 12:8

    Content type: Methodology

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  34. Complex clinical interventions are increasingly subject to evaluation by randomised trial linked to economic evaluation. However evaluations of policy initiatives tend to eschew experimental designs in favour ...

    Authors: David Cohen, M Fasihul Alam, Nishma Patel, Wai-Yee Cheung, John G Williams and Ian T Russell

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2014 12:7

    Content type: Research

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  35. To estimate the cost-effectiveness of cataract surgery and refractive error/presbyopia correction in Zambia.

    Authors: Ulla K Griffiths, Fiammetta M Bozzani, Adrian Gheorghe, Lawrence Mwenge and Clare Gilbert

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2014 12:6

    Content type: Research

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  36. To undertake an economic evaluation of rivaroxaban relative to the standard of care for stroke prevention in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) in Greece.

    Authors: Georgia Kourlaba, Nikos Maniadakis, George Andrikopoulos and Panos Vardas

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2014 12:5

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. A healthy diet is associated with reduced risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer. The study aimed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of a universal strategy to promote healthy diet through brief i...

    Authors: Martin C Gulliford, Nawaraj Bhattarai, Judith Charlton and Caroline Rudisill

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2014 12:4

    Content type: Research

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  38. Increasing the number of vaccine doses may potentially improve overall efficacy. Decision-makers need information about choosing the most efficient dose schedule to maximise the total health gain of a populati...

    Authors: Baudouin A Standaert, Desmond Curran and Maarten J Postma

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2014 12:3

    Content type: Research

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  39. Multiple principles are relevant in priority setting, two of which are often considered particularly important. According to the greater benefit principle, resources should be directed toward the intervention ...

    Authors: Trygve Ottersen, Ottar Mæstad and Ole Frithjof Norheim

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2014 12:2

    Content type: Research

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  40. Excessive alcohol consumption is a public health problem in many countries including Denmark, where 6% of the burden of disease is due to alcohol consumption, according to the new estimates from the Global Bur...

    Authors: Astrid Ledgaard Holm, Lennert Veerman, Linda Cobiac, Ola Ekholm and Finn Diderichsen

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2014 12:1

    Content type: Research

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  41. Surrogate outcomes are a significant challenge in drug evaluation for health technology assessment (HTA) agencies. The research objectives were to: identify factors associated with surrogate use and acceptabil...

    Authors: Angela Rocchi, Shoghag Khoudigian, Rob Hopkins and Ron Goeree

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2013 11:31

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. Development of new peer or lay health-related lifestyle advisor (HRLA) roles is one response to the need to enhance public engagement in, and improve cost-effectiveness of, health improvement interventions. Th...

    Authors: Mark Pennington, Shelina Visram, Cam Donaldson, Martin White, Monique Lhussier, Katherine Deane, Natalie Forster and Susan M Carr

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2013 11:30

    Content type: Research

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  43. Cost of illness studies are needed to provide estimates for input into cost-effectiveness studies and as information drivers to resource allocation. However, these studies often do not differentiate costs asso...

    Authors: Annie N Simpson, Heather S Bonilha, Abby S Kazley, James S Zoller and Charles Ellis

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2013 11:29

    Content type: Research

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  44. The cost of behavior change communication (BCC) interventions has not been rigorously studied in Bangladesh. This study was conducted to assess the implementation costs of a BCC intervention in a maternal, neo...

    Authors: Bidhan Krishna Sarker, Sayem Ahmed, Noushin Islam and Jahangir AM Khan

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2013 11:28

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. Despite growing interest in use of lipid nutrient supplements for preventing child malnutrition and morbidity, there is inconclusive evidence on the effectiveness, and no evidence on the cost-effectiveness of ...

    Authors: Chloe Puett, Cécile Salpéteur, Elisabeth Lacroix, Freddy Houngbé, Myriam Aït-Aïssa and Anne-Dominique Israël

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2013 11:27

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  46. South Africa, the country with the largest HIV epidemic worldwide, has been scaling up treatment since 2003 and is rapidly expanding its eligibility criteria. The HIV treatment programme has achieved significa...

    Authors: Rob Baltussen, Evelinn Mikkelsen, Noor Tromp, AnneKarin Hurtig, Jens Byskov, Øystein Olsen, Kristine Bærøe, Jan A Hontelez, Jerome Singh and Ole F Norheim

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2013 11:26

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on:

  47. Chronic hepatitis C affects approximately 170 million people worldwide, and thus being one of the main causes of chronic liver disease. About 20% of patients with chronic hepatitis C will develop cirrhosis ove...

    Authors: Fabio MR Barros, Hugo Cheinquer, Carolina T Tsuchiya and Eduardo AV Santos

    Citation: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2013 11:25

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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