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Table 1 Transferability factors identified from Welte et al. [20]

From: Cost transferability problems in economic evaluation as a framework for an European health care and social costs database

Categories Transferability factors Direct influence on
Methodological characteristics Perspective; discount rate; medical cost approach (charges, fees, prices); Productivity cost approach (friction cost method, human capital approach, QALYs) Costs and effects
Costs and effects
Direct medical cost
Productivity cost
Healthcare system characteristics Absolute and relative prices in healthcare
Practice variation (staff characteristics, characteristics and learning effects of physicians; nurses and hospitals; liability of physicians; type of healthcare facility; organizational characteristics
Technology availability (range of licensed products; availability of generics; competition; market form of suppliers; payment of suppliers; incentives to suppliers; supplier-induced demand; healthcare delivery structure; waiting lists; referral patterns; healthcare before and after intervention; quality of care; capacity utilization; economies of scale
Direct medical cost
Costs and effects
Direct costs
Population characteristics Disease incidence/prevalence
Case-mix (age; sex; race; education; socioeconomic; disease severity; co-morbidity; medical history; concurrent medications; susceptibility)
Life expectancy (progression of disease; natural history of the disease; lifestyle; risk factors; environmental factors; genetic factors)
Health-status preferences factors (methods to measure health-status valuation)
Acceptance, compliance, incentives to patients (technology acceptance; compliance; incentives to patients; insurance level; co-payments; moral hazard)
Productivity and work-loss time (friction time; income level and distribution)
Disease spread patients (population density; immigration; emigration; travelling; ethical standards)
Costs and effects
Costs and effects
Costs and effects
Effects
Costs and effects
Productivity cost
Costs and effects
  1. Source: Welte et al. [20]