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Table 1 Frequency distribution, Mann–Whitney and chi-square analysis of willingness to pay for life-saving treatment

From: An exploratory study to estimate cost-effectiveness threshold value for life saving treatments in western Iran

Variable Willing to pay (n = 551) Not willing to pay (n = 296) n(%) or mean (± SD) p value
Age, in year 32.9 34.7 33.6 (12.1) 0.130
Sex
 Male 233 (42.3%) 152 (51.3%) 385 (45.4%)  
 Female 318 (57.7%) 144 (48.6%) 462 (54.6%) 0.012**
Marital status
 Married 121 (40.9%) 235 (42.6%) 356 (42.0%)  
 Single 162 (54.7) 294 (53.4%) 456 (53.8%)  
 Others 13 (4.4) 22 (4.0%) 35 (4.2%) 0.867
Education status
 Illiterate 26 (4.7%) 21 (7.1%) 47 (5.5%)  
 Primary and secondary school 133 (24.1%) 87 (29.4%) 220 (26.0%)  
 Academic degree 392 (71.2%) 188 (63.5%) 580 (68.5%) 0.060*
Health insurance coverage
 Yes 438 (79.5%) 205 (69.3%) 643 (75.9%)  
 No 113 (20.5%) 91 (30.7%) 204 (24.1%) 0.001***
Birth place
 Urban 458 (83.1%) 218 (73.6%) 679 (79.8%)  
 Rural 93 (16.9%) 78 (26.4%) 171 (20.2%) 0.001***
Monthly income US$
 Less than US$ 78 263 (47.7%) 158 (53.4%) 421 (49.7%)  
 US$ 78–155 125 (22.7%) 72 (24.3%) 197 (23.3%0  
 US$ 156–310 113 (20.5%) 52 (17.6%) 165 (19.5%)  
 More than US$ 310 50 (9.1%) 14 (4.7%) 64 (7.6%) 0.008***
Own chronic (long-term) disease
 Yes 101 (18.3%) 58 (19.6%) 159 (18.8%)  
 No 450 (81.7%) 238 (80.4%) 688 (81.2%) 0.653
Family member with chronic diseases such as cancer
 Yes 118 (21.4%) 68 (23.0%) 186 (22.0%)  
 No 433 (78.6%) 228 (77.0%) 661 (78.0%) 0.602
Family member died in last year
 Yes 82 (14.9%) 47 (15.9%) 129 (15.2%)  
 No 469 (85.1%) 249 (84.1%) 718 (84.8%) 0.700
  1. SD standard deviation , *p < 0.1 , **p < 0.05 , ***p < 0.01
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