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Table 2 Descriptive statistics of sample used for final outpatient care estimates (N = 9028)

From: Econometric estimation of WHO-CHOICE country-specific costs for inpatient and outpatient health service delivery

  Description Mean SE
Ln cost per visit Natural log of cost per outpatient visit in 2007 I$ 15.56 44.02
Ln GDP per capita Natural log of GDP per capita in 2007 I$ 7947.64 4618.50
Ln visits Natural log of outpatient visits per facility 62,924.53 118,929.70
Ln visits per provider Natural log of visits per provider per day (nurses, general practitioners) 5.71 10.90
Urban Dummy variable for urban facility locationa 0.21 0.41
Public Dummy variable for public hospitalsb 0.75 0.44
Private Dummy variable for private hospitalsb 0.12 0.32
Level 2 Dummy variable for level 2 facilitiesc 0.15 0.35
Level 3 Dummy variable for level 3 facilitiesc 0.25 0.43
Level 4 Dummy variable for level 4 facilitiesc 0.08 0.26
Colombia Dummy variable for Colombia. Colombia = 1 0.10 0.30
Brazil Dummy variable for Brazil. Brazil = 1 0.62 0.49
Brazil level 3 Dummy variable for Brazil level 3 facilities 0.18 0.39
  1. a Dummy for urban location is compared with rural location
  2. bDummies for facility ownership are compared with private not-for profit facilities
  3. cDummies for level of care are compared with level 1 facilities. Level 5 facilities are assumed to have the same outpatient costs as level 4 facilities