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Table 3 Mean cost for malaria, pneumonia and meningitis treatment in 2005 US$ among children admitted to seven Kenyan hospitals

From: The economic burden of inpatient paediatric care in Kenya: household and provider costs for treatment of pneumonia, malaria and meningitis

Hospital Diagnosis No of patients Average length of stay (days) Mean drug costs Mean cost of investigations Mean bed-day cost Mean (SD) health sector cost per patient* Median (IQR) health sector cost*
National hospital
H1 Malaria 27 4.3 4.07 16.49 75.03 95.58 (78.27) 78.72 (40.36–125.41)
  Pneumonia 49 8.2 15.17 18.70 143.26 177.14 (206.76) 117.40 (58.97–201.90)
  Meningitis 43 12.8 24.33 36.95 223.37 284.64 (239.38) 222.60 (159.68–317.06)
Provincial hospital
H2 Malaria 29 4.7 8.68 9.77 63.40 81.84 (73.60) 58.73 (37.46–103.60)
  Pneumonia 31 6.6 6.57 3.53 89.67 99.26 (71.14) 71.94 (55.26–109.75)
  Meningitis 24 11.7 18.41 13.29 157.71 189.41 (141.58) 165.31(126.24–237.23)
District hospitals
H3 Malaria 44 4.8 3.06 26.25 45.91 75.22 (42.09) 75.13 (36.33–102.84)
  Pneumonia 29 4.8 2.23 8.44 45.89 56.55 (60.37) 41.42 (23.75–69.89)
H4 Malaria 25 4.7 4.11 5.85 45.19 55.16 (30.67) 46.64 (34.13–67.76)
  Pneumonia 30 6.7 2.88 4.94 64.14 71.96 (29.38) 56.00 (52.65–84.09)
H5 Malaria 25 3.8 2.68 8.51 36.00 47.19 (43.16) 37.98 (33.21–45.01)
  Pneumonia 17 4.2 4.29 9.79 39.98 54.06 (33.82) 50.65 (30.90–66.61)
  Malaria and pneumonia 20 4.5 2.42 8.03 43.08 53.53(34.41) 79.00(34.91–121.16)
Mission hospitals
H6 Malaria 30 4.5 13.15 31.62 43.40 88.18 (59.92) 72.82 (43.65–113.83)
  Pneumonia 30 7.8 32.15 35.39 74.68 142.22 (103.39) 140.49 (51.04–185.23)
  Meningitis 22 11.8 44.03 44.85 112.71 201.59(126.41) 162.00(115.16–248.14)
H7 Malaria 31 3.1 6.34 6.55 29.34 42.23 (23.60) 36.46 (32.80–46.45)
  Pneumonia 19 3.4 3.05 7.56 32.75 43.36 (29.75) 35.53 (31.96–51.01)
  1. *Excluding pre-admission costs, caretaker time and transport costs, but including revenues generated from user fees.