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Table 2 Summary of country health status*

From: Cost analysis of an integrated disease surveillance and response system: case of Burkina Faso, Eritrea, and Mali

  Burkina Faso Eritrea Mali WHO African Region†
Total population (× 1,000) 13,228 4,401 13,518 738,083
Total expenditure on health (as % of GDP) 5.6 4.4 4.8  
Adult mortality rate (per 1000 population) 441 313 452 492
Under-5 mortality rate (per 1000 live births) 192 82 219 167
Year of life lost by communicable diseases (%) 87 81 86 59
Causes of death among children under 5 years of age (%)     
Neonatal causes 18.3 27.4 25.9 26.2
Diarrhoeal diseases 18.8 15.6 18.3 16.6
Malaria 20.3 13.6 16.9 17.5
Pneumonia 23.3 18.6 23.9 21.1
Measles 3.4 2.5 6.1 4.3
HIV/AIDS 4.0 6.2 1.6 6.8
Other 11.9 16 7.3 7.5
  1. * Source: World Health Statistics 2006 http://www.who.int/whosis/en/
  2. †WHO African region comprises 46 countries in sub-Saharan Africa including Algeria and Mauritania (African countries outside WHO/AFRO region are Western Sahara, Morocco, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Sudan, and Somalia).