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Table 3 Loss of productivity estimates using actual income and per capita income for urban area (Unit: USD, 1USD = 15,850 Vietnam dong, per capita income for urban area was VND 840,000 per month)

From: The costs of traumatic brain injury due to motorcycle accidents in Hanoi, Vietnam

Indirect costs for one year Level of severity by GCS
  Severe Moderate Minor
  Mean SE Median Mean SE Median Mean SE Median
Actual income based indirect costs
By patient 1108.6 324.2 833.4 303.0 85.1 164.0 461.3 171.9 200.3
By caregiver 303.8 129.3 132.9 102.0 31.4 60.9 77.4 27.1 40.9
Total (*) 1412.4 366.5 1045.3 405.0 106.2 239.0 538.5 194.0 263.5
Per capita urban income based indirect costs
By patient 455.8 56.5 478 223.7 60.6 154.2 136.4 25.7 154.2
By caregiver 183.5 36.6 132 84.0 17.0 87.8 65.4 17.1 50.9
Total(*) 639.4 82.2 702.5 307.8 73.1 242.0 201.8 35.7 245.4
  1. (*) Anova: p < 0.05
  2. 1General Statistic Office: The Vietnam Living Standard Survey in 2004 showed that per capita income for urban area in 2004 was VND 840,000 per month; national per capita income was VND 484,000 per month.