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Table 3 MNL estimation results using self-treatment as the comparison group

From: Are there differences between unconditional and conditional demand estimates? implications for future research and policy

  Unconditional estimates Conditional estimates
  Public Providers Private providers Public providers Private providers
  β a [se]b β a [se]b β a [se]b β a [se]b
Askes 0.654 [0.101] 0.125 [0.141] 0.511 [0.153] 0.023 [0.193]
Jamsostek 0.512* [0.270] 1.362 [0.187] 0.314 [0.377] 1.086 [0.344]
Askes*Inc 0.065* [0.040] -0.014 [0.049] -0.031 [0.067] 0.019 [0.053]
Jamsostek*Inc. -0.760 [0.239] -0.388 [0.112] -0.529* [0.286] -0.599 [0.228]
Symptoms 1.955 [0.123] 2.436 [0.220] 1.287 [0.176] 2.704 [0.454]
ADLs limit 0.257 [0.059] 0.390 [0.079] 0.233* [0.132] 0.373 [0.142]
Vgood GHSR         
   Good GHS 0.359 [0.114] 0.472 [0.148] 0.372* [0.196] 0.396* [0.238]
   Poor GHS 1.383 [0.126] 1.698 [0.164] 1.421 [0.207] 1.645 [0.251]
Serious-ill 0.537 [0.073] 0.847 [0.084] 0.491 [0.103] 0.859 [0.126]
Female 0.604 [0.056] 0.250 [0.074] 0.548 [0.100] 0.371 [0.124]
HHs size 0.007 [0.011] 0.048 [0.013] 0.003 [0.016] 0.023 [0.019]
Married 0.644 [0.100] -0.198* [0.102] 0.744 [0.169] -0.021 [0.160]
No-schoolingR         
   Elementary 0.089 [0.080] 0.372 [0.141] 0.074 [0.113] 0.424 [0.177]
   Junior 0.038 [0.108] 0.459 [0.168] 0.024 [0.164] 0.400* [0.228]
   Senior 0.039 [0.108] 0.512 [0.164] 0.000 [0.164] 0.606 [0.219]
   High -0.343 [0.151] 0.714 [0.185] -0.08 [0.221] 0.875 [0.259]
Age (years) -0.001 [0.003] 0.004 [0.004] -0.001 [0.004] -0.004 [0.005]
Ln. income 0.069* [0.039] 0.431 [0.051] 0.038 [0.059] 0.380 [0.077]
Electricity 0.495 [0.083] 1.144 [0.198] 0.368 [0.126] 0.919 [0.248]
Ln. travel-cost 0.026 [0.009] 0.027 [0.012] 0.024* [0.013] 0.055 [0.018]
Ln. travel-time 0.004 [0.003] 0.003 [0.004] 0.001 [0.005] -0.002 [0.006]
Urban -0.384 [0.061] 0.193 [0.084] -0.377 [0.092] -0.002 [0.124]
Region:JakartaR         
   Sumatra 0.324 [0.119] -0.264 [0.127] 0.05 [0.172] -0.575 [0.185]
   West Java 0.314 [0.118] -0.053 [0.117] 0.280* [0.170] 0.129 [0.164]
   Central Java 0.242 [0.121] 0.163 [0.122] 0.183 [0.180] -0.082 [0.188]
   East Java 0.516 [0.130] 0.578 [0.137] 0.365* [0.200] 0.552 [0.206]
   Bali & WNT 0.825 [0.127] 0.301 [0.144] 0.483 [0.180] 0.149 [0.196]
   Kalimantan 0.692 [0.149] -0.902 [0.256] 0.576 [0.211] -1.261 [0.368]
   Sulawesi 0.604 [0.151] -0.490 [0.236] 0.441 [0.219] -0.649* [0.338]
Constant -7.121 [0.504] -13.031 [0.686] -5.766 [0.793] -12.365 [1.081]
N 16,485 5055
Pseudo R2 0.144 0.118
Wald Chi-sq(58) 2308.17; sig. 0.000 782.78; sig. 0.000
Hausman test 16.7 (omitted-public), p-val = 0.98 1.18 (omitted-public), p-val = 1.00
IIA: X2 (30) 13.1 (omitted-private), p-val = 0.99 5.11 (omitted-private), p-val = 1.00
Small-Hsiao 41.7 (omitted-public), p-val = 0.08; 18.3 (omitted-public), p-val = 0.95
test IIA: X2(30) 16.5 (omitted-private), p-val = 0.98 34.1 (omitted-private), p-val = 0.28
  1. aThe estimated parameters β; superscript ‡,†, and *significance at 1%, 5%, and 10% level, respectively.
  2. bRobust standard errors given in [brackets].
  3. RReferences (omitted groups).