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Table 2 Mean treatment costs of managing cases of mild HAV infection for inpatient and outpatient settings, Almaty, Kazakhstan (2001 US$)

From: Cost-analysis of different management policies for patients with mild hepatitis A virus infection in Kazakhstan

  Inpatient Outpatient
Cost items (US$) Mean SE 95% CI Mean SE 95% CI
Hospital cost 81.0 1.78 (89.0, 96.0) - - -
Physicians' time 18.0 0.49 (17.0, 19.0) 3.0 0.08 (2.80, 3.20)
Nurses' time 9.0 0.17 (8.7, 9.30) 1.6 0.07 (1.46, 1.70)
Non-health staff 2.0 0.04 (1.92, 2.10) - - -
Laboratory 11.0 0.35 (10.0, 12.0) 8.0 0.11 (7.8, 8.2)
Prescription drugs 6.4 0.21 (6.19, 7.01) 5.9 0.33 (5.25, 6.55)
Hospital meals 30.0 0.57 (29.0, 31.0) - - -
Transport - - - 4.0 0.20 (3.60, 4.40)
Total inpatient/outpatient 157.4 3.04 (151.0, 163.0) 22.5 0.42 (21.0, 23.0)
Productivity losses 150.9 2.12 (146.7,155.1) 71.5 4.75 (66.8, 76.3)
Total societal cost§ 308.3 4.90 (298.7, 317.9) 94.0 4.28 (85.6, 102.4)
  1. Note: Data may add exactly due to rounding
  2. Standard error (SE)
  3. 95% Confidence interval (95% CI)
  4. Productivity losses calculated based on the number of lost workdays reported and average urban wage rate.
  5. § Total societal costs include treatment costs and productivity losses