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Table 3 Breakdown of costs by facility type

From: A cost function analysis of child health services in four districts in Malawi

Item Facility type
  Government health centres CHAM
Inputs (Children U5)   
Variable   
Staff remuneration 22% 39%
Training 9% 5%
Vehicle operation & Field visits 12% 11%
Non-medical supplies 1% 4%
Medical Supplies 6% 8%
Pharmaceuticals 38% 20%
Vaccines 2% 1%
Utilities & Maintenance 3% 2%
Lab & X-ray (variable) -- 1%
Subtotal: Variable costs 93% 91%
Fixed   
Building & Equipment (incl. lab/x-ray) 6% 5%
Vehicles 1% 4%
Subtotal: Fixed costs 7% 9%
Average costs calculated with direct allocation (US$)
Outpatient visit (sd) 5.36 7.89
(1.92) (4.39)
Inpatient admission (sd) 15.94 39.22
  (7.60) (17.57)
  1. sd = standard deviation.