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Table 2 Estimates of the associations between studied households’ characteristics and facing CHEs using the multiple logistic regression model

From: Household catastrophic health expenditure and its effective factors: a case of Iran

Characteristics Odds ratio 95% confidence interval (CI) P-value
Income quintile
 First 1.09 0.35–3.38 0.87
 Second 1.73 0.54–5.51 0.35
 Third 1.50 0.39–5.65 0.55
 Fourth 0.71 0.17–2.87 0.64
 Fifth 1   
Homeownership
 Owner 1   
 Tenant 3.14 1.84–5.35 < 0.001
Having disabled family members
 Yes 27.98 6.12–32.79 < 0.001
 No 1   
Having supplementary health insurance coverage
 Yes 1   
 No 1.87 1.18–2.96 0.01
Having a family member over 65 years of age
 Yes 1   
 No 0.70 0.30–1.651 0.42
Having children under 5 years old
 Yes 2.72 1.15–6.38 0.02
 No 1   
Household size
 1–2 0.93 0.47–1.83 0.84
 3–4 0.76 0.41–1.41 0.38
 > 4 1   
  1. CHEs catastrophic health expenditures