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Table 1 Frequency of facing CHEs according to the studied household and individual’s characteristics

From: Household catastrophic health expenditure and its effective factors: a case of Iran

Characteristics Facing catastrophic health expenditures
Yes
N = 122 (16.49%)
No
N = 618 (83.51%)
P-value
Frequency Percent Frequency Percent
Household income quintile
 First 71 58.2 312 50.5 0.19
 Second 32 26.2 222 35.9  
 Third 8 6.6 48 7.8  
 Fourth 7 5.7 20 3.2  
 Fifth 4 3.3 16 2.6  
Having a family member over 65 years of age
 No 11 9 63 10.2 0.42
 Yes 111 91 555 89.8  
Having children under 5 years old
 No 21 14.8 91 14.7 0.54
 Yes 121 85.2 527 85.3  
Homeownership
 Tenant 93   338   < 0.001
 Owner 29 23.8 280 453  
Having disabled family members
 No 28 23 499 78.3 < 0.001
 Yes 94 77 119 21.7  
Having supplementary health insurance coverage
 No 76 62.3 262 42.4 < 0.001
 Yes 46 37.7 356 57.6  
Household size
 1–2 18 14.8 120 19.4 0.75
 3–4 83 68 352 57  
 > 4 21 17.4 146 23.6  
  1. CHEs catastrophic health expenditures