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Table 4 Subgroup analysis of the CHE experience in 2015a

From: Association between changes in economic activity and catastrophic health expenditure: findings from the Korea Health Panel Survey, 2014–2016

Variables Economic activity 2014 → 2015
Active → active Inactive → active   Active → inactive   Inactive → inactive  
Adjusted OR Adjusted OR 95% CI Adjusted OR 95% CI Adjusted OR 95% CI
Sex
 Men 1.00 1.58 (0.70–3.57) 2.59 (1.27–5.27) 1.61 (1.00–2.58)
 Women 1.00 1.84 (1.01–3.33) 1.68 (0.89–3.18) 1.30 (0.87–1.95)
Age
 19–34 1.00 1.83 (0.13–26.20) <0.001 <0.001–>999.999 4.77 (0.51–44.84)
 35–49 1.00 1.16 (0.11–12.07) 5.01 (0.75–33.39) 0.64 (0.10–3.96)
 50–64 1.00 1.83 (0.70–4.81) 1.70 (0.56–5.12) 1.79 (0.91–3.54)
 65– 1.00 1.54 (0.85–2.79) 1.91 (1.10–3.31) 1.32 (0.93–1.88)
Disability status
 No 1.00 1.77 (1.08–2.92) 1.82 (1.08–3.08) 1.46 (1.06–2.03)
 Yes 1.00 2.24 (0.42–11.93) 5.63 (1.71–18.59) 1.46 (0.62–3.43)
Charlson comorbidity index
 0 1.00 1.46 (0.80–2.69) 1.63 (0.85–3.13) 1.43 (0.98–2.09)
 1 1.00 2.04 (0.70–5.98) 1.85 (0.71–4.82) 1.22 (0.66–2.27)
 2+ 1.00 3.90 (1.13–13.50) 7.47 (2.23–25.07) 2.41 (0.93–6.29)
Unmet medical needs
 No 1.00 1.96 (1.15–3.33) 1.78 (0.96–3.30) 1.39 (0.97–1.99)
 Yes 1.00 1.29 (0.42–3.94) 2.65 (1.23–5.71) 1.57 (0.88–2.80)
Region
 Urban area 1.00 2.19 (0.74–6.44) 5.92 (2.51–13.95) 2.14 (1.06–4.30)
 Rural area 1.00 1.79 (1.05–3.05) 1.42 (0.78–2.58) 1.37 (0.96–1.93)
Head of household
 Householder 1.00 1.92 (0.99–3.75) 2.73 (1.50–4.94) 1.76 (1.17–2.66)
 Non-householder 1.00 1.50 (0.77–2.95) 1.27 (0.57–2.84) 1.06 (0.67–1.67)
Household income level
 Low 1.00 1.96 (1.05–3.66) 2.31 (1.25–4.27) 1.18 (0.77–1.80)
 Middle 1.00 3.86 (1.64–9.09) 4.07 (1.63–10.13) 2.89 (1.49–5.60)
 High 1.00 <0.001 <0.001–>999.999 0.60 (0.13–2.73) 1.22 (0.64–2.34)
Lagged household income level (in 2014)
 Low 1.00 1.59 (0.91–2.78) 1.85 (1.06–3.22) 1.40 (0.99–1.98)
 Middle 1.00 2.50 (0.92–6.76) 3.27 (1.21–8.78) 1.27 (0.59–2.72)
 High 1.00 1.41 (0.13–15.37) 2.36 (0.26–21.36) 2.86 (0.77–10.60)
Lagged dependent variable (in 2014)
 With CHE 1.00 1.38 (0.45–4.25) 3.28 (0.57–19.03) 1.25 (0.55–2.82)
 Without CHE 1.00 1.80 (1.05–3.08) 2.02 (1.22–3.32) 1.47 (1.05–2.05)
  1. All control variables were adjusted
  2. aCHE Catastrophic health expenditure
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