Skip to main content

Table 2 Factors associated with CHE

From: Association between changes in economic activity and catastrophic health expenditure: findings from the Korea Health Panel Survey, 2014–2016

Variables CHE experience in 2015a
Adjusted OR 95% CI
Economic activity (2014 → 2015)
 Active → active 1.00
 Inactive → active 1.83 (1.14–2.94)
 Active → inactive 2.10 (1.31–3.36)
 Inactive → inactive 1.45 (1.07–1.97)
Sex
 Men 1.00
 Women 1.00 (0.67–1.52)
Age
 19–34 1.00
 35–49 0.72 (0.27–1.92)
 50–64 2.14 (0.88–5.19)
 65– 3.89 (1.60–9.47)
Marital status
 Married 1.00
 Single, widowed, divorced, separated 0.75 (0.52–1.08)
Educational level
 Middle school and below 2.02 (1.17–3.47)
 High school 1.55 (0.91–2.65)
 College and over 1.00
Medical aid
 No 1.00
 Yes 0.38 (0.19–0.80)
Disability status
 No 1.00
 Yes 1.14 (0.80–1.62)
Charlson comorbidity index
 0 1.00
 1 1.48 (1.10–1.99)
 2+ 1.82 (1.27–2.59)
Unmet medical needs
 No 1.00
 Yes 0.85 (0.65–1.11)
Current smoker
 No 1.00
 Yes 0.72 (0.46–1.12)
Alcohol consumption
 No 1.00
 Yes 1.05 (0.81–1.37)
Region
 Urban area 1.00 – 
 Rural area 1.78 (1.35–2.34)
Head of household   
 Householder 1.16 (0.78–1.73)
 Non-householder 1.00
Household income level
 Low 0.95 (0.69–1.29)
 Middle 1.03 (0.73–1.45)
 High 1.00
Lagged household income level (in 2014)
 Low 4.18 (2.42–7.22)
 Middle 2.53 (1.43–4.47)
 High 1.00
Lagged dependent variable (in 2014)   
 With CHE 4.58 (3.27–6.42)
 Without CHE 1.00
  1. All control variables were adjusted
  2. aCHE Catastrophic health expenditure
\