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Table 3 The effect of Grade II Level A hospitals on medical expenditure

From: The effect of different classification of hospitals on medical expenditure from perspective of classification of hospitals framework: evidence from China

Variables Medical expenditure
Total medical expenditure Drug expenditure Diagnostic testing expenditure Medical consumables expenditure Nursing care expenditure Bed expenditure Surgery expenditure Blood expenditure
Grade II Level A hospitals − 0.2449*** (128.88) 0.2304*** (71.07) 0.4641*** (148.21) 0.2006*** (34.03) − 0.0012 (− 12.46) 0.0044** (2.20) − 0.2333*** (− 15.25) 0.1525*** (5.85)
Reimbursement ratio 2.8096*** (466.71) 3.4378*** (333.59) 2.7881*** (279.88) 2.2562*** (120.87) 1.1782*** (179.22) 1.3802*** (214.34) 1.9099*** (36.60) 0.5015*** (8.40)
Deductible − 0.0005*** (− 59.34) − 0.0011*** (− 87.26) 0.0004*** (27.96) − 0.0018*** (− 77.04) − 0.0006*** (− 76.16) − 0.0002*** (− 29.92) − 0.0007*** (− 10.71) − 0.0009*** (− 10.31)
Gender − 0.0233*** (− 17.08) − 0.0589*** (− 25.25) 0.0084*** (3.81) − 0.0895*** (− 21.29) 0.0047*** (3.18) 0.0082*** (5.63) 0.1272*** (11.82) − 0.0782*** (− 5.92)
Age 0.0034*** (105.28) 0.0044*** (79.39) 0.0105*** (199.13) 0.0008*** (7.86) − 0.0008*** (− 24.23) − 0.0013*** (− 37.35) − 0.0011*** (− 4.03) − 0.0018*** (− 4.79)
Length of stay 0.0374*** (385.04) 0.0440*** (265.43) 0.0142*** (89.60) 0.0187*** (62.46) 0.0565*** (527.33) 0.0581*** (557.89) 0.0131*** (18.62) 0.0008 (1.53)
Disease type − 0.0098*** (− 6.55) − 0.0658*** (− 25.79) − 0.1772 (− 72.64) 0.2493*** (54.11) − 0.0082*** (− 5.02) − 0.0159*** (− 10.03) 1.0798*** (55.23) 0.0725*** (3.84)
Time Controlled Controlled Controlled Controlled Controlled Controlled Controlled Controlled
Constant term − 6.0303*** (− 17.87) − 8.8004*** (− 15.31) − 1.7797*** (− 3.24) − 6.3431*** (− 6.13) 3.2551*** (6.29) 3.3614*** (6.66) − 6.7069*** (− 3.55) 6.9162*** (11.07)
R2 0.6328 0.4548 0.4419 0.0867 0.5032 0.5333 0.0460 0.0273
Sample size 488,623 486,558 483,777 483,797 488,166 486,079 117,194 8885
  1. ***Significant at 1%,**Significant at 5%, *Significant at 10%, t-statistics in parentheses. The medical expenditure in the model are all calculated on a logarithmic basis
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