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Table 2 The effect of hospital level on medical expenditure

From: The effect of different classification of hospitals on medical expenditure from perspective of classification of hospitals framework: evidence from China

Variables Medical expenditure
Total medical expenditure Drug expenditure Diagnostic testing expenditure Medical consumables expenditure Nursing care expenditure Bed expenditure Surgery expenditure Blood expenditure
Hospital level − 0.2311*** (− 160.86) − 0.1884*** (− 76.30) − 0.4240*** (− 178.31) − 0.3235*** (− 71.23) − 0.0197*** (− 12.46) − 0.0293*** (− 19.04) 0.2114*** (15.68) − 0.1186*** (− 5.17)
Reimbursement ratio 2.8313*** (476.43) 3.4665*** (337.93) 2.8306*** (287.83) 2.2364*** (120.75) 1.1725*** (179.05) 1.3738*** (214.24) 1.8895*** (15.68) 0.5061*** (8.48)
Deductible − 0.0005*** (− 70.09) − 0.0012*** (− 90.65) 0.0002*** (17.58) − 0.0019*** (− 84.40) − 0.0007*** (− 77.86) − 0.0002*** (− 29.67) − 0.0007*** (− 10.28) − 0.0009*** (− 10.34)
Gender − 0.0217*** (− 16.09) − 0.0579*** (− 24.92) 0.0084*** (3.81) − 0.0852*** (− 20.33) 0.0052*** (3.50) 0.0088*** (6.05) 0.1260*** (11.71) − 0.0779*** (− 5.89)
Age 0.0034*** (107.11) 0.0043*** (79.10) 0.0106*** (202.17) 0.0009*** (10.06) − 0.0008*** (− 23.31) − 0.0012*** (− 36.24) − 0.0010*** (− 3.82) − 0.0018*** (− 4.80)
Length of stay 0.0375*** (390.27) 0.0442*** (266.54) 0.0146*** (92.71) 0.0188*** (62.68) 0.0565*** (527.47) 0.0581*** (558.19) 0.0130*** (18.61) 0.0008 (1.49)
Disease type − 0.0092*** (− 6.18) − 0.0655*** (− 25.71) − 0.1762 (− 72.91) 0.2513*** (54.76) − 0.0079*** (− 4.87) − 0.0157*** (− 9.85) 1.0800*** (55.24) 0.0726*** (3.84)
Time Controlled Controlled Controlled Controlled Controlled Controlled Controlled Controlled
Constant term − 5.8625*** (− 17.53) − 8.6725*** (− 15.10) − 1.4927*** (− 2.74) − 6.0105*** (− 5.83) 3.2771*** (6.34) 3.3938*** (6.73) − 6.9009*** (− 3.66) 7.0667*** (11.32)
R2 0.6395 0.4556 0.4525 0.0941 0.5034 0.5337 0.0461 0.0265
Sample size 488,623 486,558 483,777 483,797 488,166 486,079 117,194 8885
  1. ***Significant at 1%,**Significant at 5%, *Significant at 10%, t-statistics in parentheses. The medical expenditure in the model are all calculated on a logarithmic basis
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