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Table 6 Determinants of exposure CHE (population level)

From: Determinants of catastrophic health expenditures in Iran: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Determinants of catastrophic health expenditures Frequency of studies with this factor
Increased likelihood of CHE Decreased likelihood of CHE
Factors related to household characteristics   
 Health insurance   13
 Member over 60–65 years 12  
 Employment situation of household head   8
 Education status of household head 2 8
 Living in the urban 1 7
 Member with chronic illness 4  
 Supplementary insurance status of household head   3
 Number of members employed in the household 1 4
 Number of members under 12 years 3  
 Gender of the head of household (female) 4 1
 Age of household head 3 1
 Disabled members 2  
 Member in need of care 2  
 Number of members under 5 years 1 2
 Preschool children living in household   1
 Marital status (married) 1 1
 Household size 6 3
 Household size (3 ≤ x < 6) 1  
 Household size (> 7) 2  
Household economic factors   
 Economic status   5
 Expenditure deciles 3  
 Wealth index   3
 Per capita Infrastructure residential area of the household   3
 Informal payment 2  
 Per capita household expenditure 2 1
 Income 1  
The factors related to the use of health services   
 Use of Inpatient service 12  
 Use of dentistry services 8  
 Use of outpatient service 8  
 Pharmaceutical expenses 3  
 Use of medical services and diagnosis 2  
 Number of use of health services 2  
 Use of drug addiction cessation services 1  
 Use of rehabilitation services 1