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Table 2 The data extraction (patient level)

From: Determinants of catastrophic health expenditures in Iran: a systematic review and meta-analysis

n Author (year) Study design Publication type—language Years of study Population Sample size Data collection method CHE (%) Study quality
1 Kavosi et al. (2014) Descriptive-analytical study Article—English 2011 Cancer Namazi Hospital in Shiraz 245 Questionnaires 67.9% Good
Determinants of exposure to CHE: type of insurance (relief committee–medical services) (+)—distance of the residence of the medical center—use of outpatient services—type of treatment (chemotherapy) (+)—refrained from using healthcare services (+)
2 Moghimi et al. (2009) Crosssectional, descriptive study Article—Persian 2007 and 2008 Cancer-Valiasr Hospital in Zanjan 60–70 Questionnaires 52% (1386)
42% (1387)
Weak
Determinants of exposure to CHE
3 Salehi et al. (2013) Crosssectional (descriptive) study Thesis—Persian Not reported Dialysis Patients-Hospital Dialysis Center Buali in Ardabil 200 Questionnaires 72.5% Medium
Determinants of exposure to CHE
4 Panahi et al. (2014) Descriptive-analytical study Article—Persian 2011–2012 Hospitalized patients in Tabriz 300 Questionnaires 30% Medium
Determinants of exposure to CHE: gender of the household head (male) (−)—members over 60 years (+)—members under 12 years (+)—member with chronic illness—Non-native (+)—health insurance—access to safe water (−)—self-employed head of household (+)—education status of household head (+)—age of household head (+)- admission to a private hospital (+)—household size (+)—living in the rural (−)—wealth index (−)—marital status of household head (not married head) (−)—gender (female patients) (+)—age ) patients) (+)
5 Anbari et al. (2014) Cross‑sectional study Article—English Not reported Markazi province 758 (total)
284 (hospitalized)
Questionnaire 11.2% (all participated)
42.6% (hospitalized)
Medium
Determinants of exposure to CHE: members aged 40–59 years old (+)—wealth index (lower levels) (+)
6 Hajizadeh et al. (2011) Cross‑sectional study Article—English 2003 Inpatient services in Iran 3339 Secondary data Medium
Determinants of exposure to CHE: length of stay (+)—age patients (−)—sex of the patients (male) (+)—education status of patients (−)—medical treatment insurance- social security insurance—armed forces insurance—private insurance—special organisations insurance—Imdad (relief) committee insurance- hospital owned by private sector (+)—household size (−) –wealth quintile (−)
7 Ghiasvand et al. (2010) Cross‑sectional study Article—Persian 2008–2009 Hospitalized patients in 5 hospitals affiliated to Iran University of Medical Sciences 314 Questionnaire Medium
Determinants of exposure to CHE: gender of the head of household (female) (+)—being native(−)—disease of family members—supplementary health insurance—household size(+)—number of hospitalizations—Household income level—housing ownership (−)
8 Moradi et al. (2017) Descriptive-analytical study—cross-sectional Article—English 2015 Households with members suffering from dialysis-kidney transplant (MS)—Kurdistan province Dialysis (87)
MS (141)
Kidney transplant patient (107)
Questionnaire— telephone conversations MS (20.6%)
Dialysis (13.8%)
Kidney transplant patient
(18.7%)
Good
Determinants of exposure to CHE: Economic status (−)—level of education (patient) (−)—supplementary insurance status (patient)—type of disease (MS)—members with special diseases in the household—living in the rural (+)—frequency of using inpatient services- use of dental care—use of rehabilitation services
9 Almasi et al. (2016) Analytical study—cross-sectional Article—Persian 2014 Dialysis patients referred to Ayatollah Taleghani Hospital in Urrmia 108 Questionnaire 30% Medium
Determinants of exposure to CHE: wealth index (−)—gender of household head (male) (−)—frequency of using dialysis services (+)—health insurance—Supplemental insurance—Members in need of care(+)—being native (−)—employment situation of the head of household
10 Ghiasvand et al. (2014) Cross‑sectional study Article—English 2012 Five hospitals with tehran university of Medical Sciences 359 Questionnaire 15.05% Good
Determinants of exposure to CHE: household Head Educational level (−)—gender of the head of household (female) (+)—hospitalization day numbers (+)—having made any out of hospital payments—quartiles’ of annual income of household (−)
11 Juyani et al. (2016) Cross‑sectional study Article—English 2014 Households that at least one of their members suffers from MS—Ahvaz, Iran 322 Questionnaire 3.37% Medium
Determinants of exposure to CHE: age of household head (−)—number of visits—gender of the household head (male) (−)—having basic health insurance coverage—household income level—house ownership (+)—household size (+)- brand of drug (foreign drugs) (+)
12 Ghiasvand et al. (2010) Analytical—cross-sectional study Article—Persian 2009 Hospitalized patients in 5 hospitals affiliated to Iran University of Medical Sciences 400 Questionnaire Medium
Determinants of exposure to CHE: gender of the household head (female) (+)—being native (−)—disease of family members—supplementary health insurance—household size (+)—frequency of using inpatient services—house ownership (−)—household income level (−)
13 Rezapour et al. (2016) Cross-sectional study Article—English 2014 Hospitals in Hamedan 772 Questionnaire by interviews and observation 20.7% Good
Determinants of exposure to CHE: age of household head (+)—household head educational level (−)—household size (−)—having member < 6 years (−)—having Member < 14 years (−)—having member > 60 years (+)—having own house (+)—income quintile (−)—household head employment—existence of a certain financial sources to get healthcare services (−)—disabled member in households—complementary health insurance