Skip to main content

Table 1 Evidence on distribution of health expenditure and health service utilization in some selected studies

From: A paradoxical situation in regressivity or progressivity of out of pocket payment for health care: which one is a matter of the health policy maker’s decision to intervention?

CountryCI for OOPKakwani index for OOPCI for health care utilizationReferences
China, Gansu provinceUrban: 0.374
Rural: 0.349
Urban: 0.049
Rural: 0.009
Urban (inpatient: 0.328, outpatient: 0.145)
Rural (inpatient: 0.331, outpatient: 0.056)
[8]
Mongolia0.5600.202Inpatient admissions (public: 0.013, private: 0.316)
Outpatient visits (public: 0.133, private: 0.482)
Voluntary counseling and testing for HIV: 0.015
Immunization: 0.013
[6]
Indonesia0.4730.176Hospital-inpatient: 0.424 (public: 0.374, private: 0.495)
Hospital-outpatient: 0.341 (public: 0.312, private: 0.381)
Non hospital: 0.016 (public: − 0.093, private: 0.090)
[9]
Sri Lanka0.4560.068Hospital-inpatient: 0.011 (public: − 0.055, private: 0.376)
Hospital-outpatient: − 0.041 (public: − 0.071, private: 0.126)
Non hospital: 0.153 (public: 0.053, private: 0.171)
[9]
  1. CI concentration index, OOP out-of-pocket payment