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Table 1 Selected variables and sources of information

From: Technical efficiency of public district hospitals in Bangladesh: a data envelopment analysis

Variables Measuring units (in year 2015) Source
Input variables
Beds Total  number of beds available Local health bulletin 2015 [3]
Doctors Total number of doctors (specialists and primary care physicians) available Local health bulletin 2015 [3]
Nurses Total number of nurses available Local health bulletin 2015 [3]
Output variables
At least 4 ANC recipients Total number of women received 4 ANC services Local health bulletin 2015 [3]
Normal deliveries Total number of normal deliveries Local health bulletin 2015 [3]
Caesarean-section deliveries Total number of caesarean-section service provided Local health bulletin 2015 [3]
PNC recipients Total number of women received PNC service Local health bulletin 2015 [3]
Outpatient department visits Total number of outpatient visits Local health bulletin 2015 [3]
Inpatient admissions Total number of inpatient admissions Local health bulletin 2015 [3]
Explanatory variables
Population size Number of catchment population in the district where the hospital located Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics [15]
Poverty headcount Proportion of people living below the poverty line in the DHs area World Bank 2010 [14]
Bed occupancy ratio Proportion of beds occupied over a specific year Local health bulletin 2015 [3]
Average length of stay Average number of days patients spent in a hospital Local health bulletin 2015 [3]
Ratio of beds to physicians Total number of beds per physician Local health bulletin 2015 [3]
Ratio of beds to nurses Total number of beds per nurse Local health bulletin 2015 [3]