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Table 6 6-month per capita excess cost of PD and PDA for different cost categories in 2012 Euros (Sensitivity analysis: outlier included)

From: The allocation of resources in the care for patients with panic disorder in Germany: an excess cost analysis informing policy and science

  AFa group vs. PD group AFb group vs. PDA group
Excess 95% CI p-value Excess 95% CI p-value
Direct costs
 Outpatient sector
  Psychiatrist/neurologist 18 (− 9 to 46) 0.190 13 (0 to 25) 0.044
  Psychologist/psychotherapist 94 (25 to 164) 0.008 116 (74 to 157) < 0.000
  General practitioner 128 (103 to 153) <0.000 137 (117 to 157) < 0.000
  Other medical specialists 20 (− 20 to 59) 0.330 − 14 (− 45 to 18) 0.387
 Inpatient sector
  General hospital 619 (134 to 1104) 0.012 306 (− 190 to 802) 0.227
  Psychiatric hospital 8 (− 123 to 139) 0.904 298 (− 58 to 654) 0.101
  Rehabilitation hospital 131 (− 137 to 400) 0.338 191 (11 to 372) 0.038
 Home care sector
  Professional care − 11 n. a n. a − 5 n. a n. a
  Informal care 378 (29 to 727) 0.034 686 (340 to 1031) < 0.000
Total direct costa 1386 (583 to 2189) 0.001 1733 (819 to 2647) < 0.000
Total indirect cost (Absenteeism) 2402 (1111 to 3694) < 0.000 2598 (1763 to 3433) < 0.000
Total cost 3788 (2076 to 5500) < 0.000 4331 (2905 to 5757) < 0.000
  1. AF costs are post balanced estimates
  2. AF  anxiety free, PD panic disorder, PDA panic disorder with agoraphobia
  3. aAF were balanced on covariate structure of the PD sample
  4. bAF were balanced on covariate structure of the PDA sample