Skip to main content

Table 5 6-month per capita excess cost of PD and PDA for different cost categories in 2012 Euros (complete case analysis)

From: The allocation of resources in the care for patients with panic disorder in Germany: an excess cost analysis informing policy and science

  AFa group vs. PD group AFb group vs. PDA group
Excess 95% CI p-value Excess 95% CI p-value
Direct costs
 Outpatient sector
  Psychiatrist/neurologist 19 (− 10 to 48) 0.198 15 (3 to 28) 0.019
  Psychologist/psychotherapist 89 (19 to 159) 0.013 119 (78 to 159) < 0.000
  General practitioner 129 (104 to 154) < 0.000 128 (111 to 146) < 0.000
  Other medical specialists 20 (− 21 to 62) 0.331 − 19 (− 51 to 13) 0.243
 Inpatient sector
  General hospital 539 (134 to 943) 0.009 261 (4 to 518) 0.046
  Psychiatric hospital 0.30 (− 9 to 9) 0.948 239 (32 to 447) 0.024
  Rehabilitation hospital 50 (− 41 to 141) 0.422 192 (− 2 to 385) 0.052
 Home care sector
  Professional care − 11 n. a n. a − 5 n. a n. a
  Informal care 284 (58 to 510) 0.014 563 (274 to 852) < 0.000
Total direct costa 782 (150 to 1415) 0.015 840 (337 to 1343) 0.001
Total indirect cost (Absenteeism) 2023 (936 to 3110) < 0.000 2173 (1482 to 2863) < 0.000
Total cost 3044 (1368 to 4720) < 0.000 2933 (1909 to 3957) < 0.000
  1. AF costs are post balanced estimates
  2. AF anxiety free, PD panic disorder, PDA panic disorder with agoraphobia
  3. aAF were balanced on covariate structure of the PD sample
  4. bAF were balanced on covariate structure of the PDA sample