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Table 4 6-month per capita excess cost of PD and PDA for different cost categories in 2012 Euros

From: The allocation of resources in the care for patients with panic disorder in Germany: an excess cost analysis informing policy and science

  AFa group vs. PD group AFb group vs. PDA group
Excess 95% CI p-value Excess 95% CI p-value
Direct costs
 Outpatient sector
  Psychiatrist/neurologist 19 (− 9 to 47) 0.191 15 (2 to 27) 0.020
  Psychologist/psychotherapist 89 (19 to 159) 0.012 119 (78 to 159) < 0.000
  General practitioner 130 (104 to 155) < 0.000 130 (112 to 148) < 0.000
  Other medical specialists 21 (− 20 to 61) 0.313 − 18 (− 51 to 14) 0.261
 Inpatient sector
  General hospital 520 (124 to 916) 0.010 275 (14 to 535) 0.039
  Psychiatric hospital 24 (− 107 to 155) 0.718 331 (53 to 610) 0.020
  Rehabilitation hospital 109 (− 156 to 374) 0.422 187 (6 to 368) 0.043
 Home care sector
  Professional care − 11 n. a n. a − 5 n. a n. a
  Informal care 367 (31 to 703) 0.032 579 (281 to 876) < 0.000
Total direct costa 1267 (565 to 1969) < 0.000 1612 (994 to 2229) < 0.000
Total indirect cost (Absenteeism) 1953 (909 to 2996) < 0.000 2331 (1617 to 3045) < 0.000
Total cost 3220 (1917 to 4522) < 0.000 3943 (2950 to 4936) < 0.000
  1. AF costs are post balanced estimates
  2. AF anxiety free, PD panic disorder, PDA panic disorder with agoraphobia
  3. aAF were balanced on covariate structure of the PD sample
  4. bAF were balanced on covariate structure of the PDA sample