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Table 3 Average per capita 6-month costs of AF, PD and PDA for different cost categories in 2012 Euros

From: The allocation of resources in the care for patients with panic disorder in Germany: an excess cost analysis informing policy and science

  AFa PD AFb PDA
(n = 3181) (n = 102) (n = 3181) (n = 307)
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Direct costs
 Outpatient sector
  Psychiatrist/neurologist 5 (2) 24 (14) 8 (3) 23 (5)
  Psychologist/psychotherapist 17 (4) 106 (35) 21 (5) 139 (20)
  General practitioner 34 (1) 164 (13) 40 (2) 169 (9)
  Other medical specialists 120 (8) 140 (19) 138 (12) 120 (11)
 Inpatient sector
  General hospital 251 (46) 771 (197) 282 (86) 556 (106)
  Psychiatric hospital 4 (2) 28 (66) 7 (4) 338 (141)
  Rehabilitation hospital 28 (12) 137 (135) 35 (15) 221 (91)
 Home care sector
  Professional care 12 (4) 1 (2) 7 (3) 2 (2)
  Informal care 71 (25) 438 (170) 95 (31) 673 (149)
Total direct cost 542 (61) 1809 (354) 631 (103) 2242 (298)
Total indirect cost (Absenteeism) 427 (73) 2380 (531) 498 (99) 2830 (355)
Total cost 969 (110) 4189 (658) 1129 (184) 5072 (473)
  1. AF costs are post balanced estimates
  2. AF anxiety free, PD panic disorder, PDA panic disorder with agoraphobia, SD standard derivation
  3. aAF were balanced on covariate structure of the PD sample
  4. bAF were balanced on covariate structure of the PDA sample