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Table 1 Distribution of characteristics of admission cases

From: Effect of inappropriate admissions on hospitalization performance in county hospitals: a cross-sectional study in rural China

Variables Treatment group Control group Sig
(N = 1966) (N = 609)
Outcome variables
 Expenditure of hospitalization (EOH) 7.85 ± 0.89 8.06 ± 0.970 < 0.01
 Length of stay (LOS) 7.22 ± 5.74 8.22 ± 7.062 < 0.01
 Number of clinical inspection (NCI) 7.98 ± 4.68 8.56 ± 4.825 < 0.01
Explanatory variables
 Gender > 0.05
  Male 1029 (52.34) 332 (54.52)  
  Female 937 (47.66) 277 (45.48)  
 Age 45 ± 26.46 49 ± 23.96 < 0.01
 Type of medical insurance < 0.05
  Medical insurance for urban workers 397 (20.19) 105 (17.24)  
  Medical insurance for urban residents 58 (2.95) 16 (2.63)  
  NRCMS 1123 (57.12) 330 (54.19)  
  Medical assistance 281 (14.29) 117 (19.21)  
  Others 107 (5.44) 41 (6.73)  
 Profession < 0.01
  Peasantry 902 (45.88) 271 (44.50)  
  Student 529 (26.91) 207 (33.99)  
  Others 535 (27.21) 131 (21.51)  
 Marital status > 0.05
  Spinsterhood 455 (23.14) 120 (19.70)  
  Married 1475 (75.03) 482 (79.15)  
  Others 36 (1.83) 7 (1.15)  
 Department in charge of treatment < 0.01
  Pediatrics 400 (20.35) 69 (11.33)  
  Internal medicine 674 (34.28) 215 (35.30)  
  Surgery 390 (19.84) 111 (18.23)  
  Others 502 (25.53) 214 (35.14)  
 Frequency of hospitalization 1 ± 1.08 1 ± 0.83 > 0.05
 Disease systems < 0.01
  Circulatory diseases 308 (15.67) 110 (18.06)  
  Digestive diseases 427 (21.72) 95 (15.60)  
  Respiratory diseases 515 (26.20) 77 (12.64)  
  Surgical diseases 434 (22.08) 231 (37.93)  
  Others 282 (14.34) 96 (15.76)  
 Having more than one disease < 0.05
  No 1841 (93.64) 584 (95.89)  
  Yes 125 (6.36) 25 (4.11)  
 Status of the patient upon admission < 0.01
  Dangerous 238 (12.11) 134 (22.00)  
  Serious 196 (9.97) 55 (9.03)  
  Urgent 1213 (61.70) 338 (55.50)  
  General 319 (16.23) 82 (13.46)  
 Receiving any conduct surgery < 0.01
  No 1669 (84.89) 482 (79.15)  
  Yes 297 (15.11) 127 (20.85)  
 Health condition at ordinary times < 0.05
  Fine 1340 (68.16) 385 (63.22)  
  General 523 (26.60) 197 (32.35)  
  Worse 103 (5.24) 27 (4.43)  
 History of disease < 0.01
  No 1430 (72.74) 407 (66.83)  
  Yes 536 (27.26) 202 (33.17)  
 With chronic disease < 0.01
  No 1571 (80.11) 452 (74.22)  
  Yes 395 (20.09) 157 (25.78)  
 Way of admission < 0.01
  Outpatient 1382 (70.30) 379 (62.23)  
  Emergency 584 (29.70) 230 (37.77)  
  1. Data in the table: Mean ± standard deviation/Number (constituent ratio, %)
  2. The test for continuous variables is independent samples t-test, and the test for categorical variables is Chi-squared test