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Table 3 Costs, effects and cost effectiveness of road safety measures in Southeast Asia over 100 years

From: Cost-effectiveness of strategies to prevent road traffic injuries in eastern sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia: new results from WHO-CHOICE

Intervention (legislation and enforcement) Pop° coverage (%) Total costs per 10 million population (I$ 2010) Healthy life years (HLY) gained per 10 million population ACER (I$ per HLY) ICER (I$ per HLY)
Random breath testing 80 117,632,481 52,288 2250 Dominated
Enforcement of  Speed limits 80 120,598,909 44,216 2727 Dominated
Bicycle helmet use 80 111,809,164 1068 104,648 Dominated
Motorcycle helmet use 90 169,026,306 51,497 3282 Dominated
Seatbelt use 50 102,206,381 12,058 8476 Dominated
Seatbelt use + motorcycle helmet use 90 185,043,479 63,644 2907 Dominated
Seatbelt use + motorcycle helmet use + random breath testing 90 204,664,782 116,168 1762 Dominated
Seatbelt use + motorcycle helmet use + enforcement of  speed limits 80 202,251,594 108,096 1871 Dominated
Seatbelt use + motorcycle helmet use + enforcement of speed limits + random breath testing 90 224,072,895 160,738 1394 1 552
Seatbelt use + motorcycle helmet use + enforcement of speed limits + random breath testing + bicycle helmet use 90 249,482,034 161,811 1542 23,692
Enforcement of speed limits + random breath testing 80 139,450,546 96,620 1443 Dominated
Enforcement of speed  limits + random breath testing + motorcycle helmet use 90 205,065,577 148,493 1381 1381
Enforcement of speed limits + random breath testing + seatbelt use 80 158,109,184 108,774 1454 Dominated