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Table 4 Malmquist index and decomposition (with and without expenditure as an input)

From: Exploring the influence of context and policy on health district productivity in Cambodia

  Without expenditure With expenditure
2008–2009 2009–2010 2010–2011 Mean 2008–2009 2009–2010 2010–2011 Mean
Marmquist productivity index
 Battambang 1.400 1.390 1.073 1.248 1.285 1.392 1.092 1.219
 Kampang Cham 1.233 1.190 0.938 1.091 1.180 1.190 0.924 1.068
 Kampot 1.242 1.193 0.916 1.053     
 Kandal 1.046 1.126 0.998 1.042 1.019 1.075 1.028 1.025
 Stung Treng 0.817 1.106 1.170 1.019 0.689 1.020 1.170 0.937
 Total 1.175 1.233 0.974 1.092 1.128 1.186 1.004 1.080
Technical progress in sector
 Battambang 1.167 1.149 1.087 1.127 1.123 1.139 1.057 1.100
 Kampang Cham 1.149 1.075 0.977 1.058 1.109 1.049 0.969 1.035
 Kampot 0.978 1.046 0.930 0.975     
 Kandal 1.137 1.042 0.937 1.033 1.079 1.015 0.959 1.014
 Stung Treng 0.909 1.243 0.957 1.026 0.872 1.025 1.024 0.971
 Total 1.121 1.095 0.985 1.059 1.092 1.055 0.987 1.039
Technical efficiency change
 Battambang 1.170 1.244 0.986 1.109 1.111 1.256 1.033 1.110
 Kampang Cham 1.074 1.112 0.957 1.032 1.072 1.140 0.949 1.033
 Kampot 1.289 1.183 0.984 1.082     
 Kandal 0.922 1.083 1.063 1.009 0.949 1.060 1.071 1.011
 Stung Treng 0.899 0.890 1.223 0.993 0.790 0.996 1.143 0.965
 Total 1.045 1.137 0.989 1.031 1.027 1.132 1.015 1.039