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Table 3 Average costs and EuroQoL-5 D score by follow-up period, stroke disability, care setting and gender

From: Lifetime health effects and medical costs of integrated stroke services - a non-randomized controlled cluster-trial based life table approach

   Care setting mRS 0-1 mRS 1-2 mRS 4 mRS 5 Stroke service (mean)* Usual care (mean)*
Number (%) At hospital discharge Stroke service 28 (25) 40 (35) 31 (27) 15 (13) - -
   Usual care 14 (16) 40 (44) 29 (32) 7 (8) - -
  Six months after hospital discharge Stroke service 22 (14) 42 (66) 23 (15) 3 (5) - -
   Usual care 16 (24) 75 (47) 17 (26) 6 (3) - -
Costs (in Euros, 2003) 0-6 months (including hospital care) Stroke service 8,400 11,080 29,664 27,371 21.665 -
   Usual care 9,856 14,868 37,628 46,089 - 24.837
  0-6 months (excluding hospital care) Stroke service 3,434 5,805 23,007 20,428 15.888 -
   Usual care 3,181 6,603 22,430 21,930 - 14.819
  7-12 months Both 1,761 4,196 17,824 22,515 9.633 9.826
  after 1 year (men, 6-monthly costs) Both 811 1,028 5,997 7,633 3.109 3.233
  after 1 year (women, 6-monthly costs) Both 811 1,028 9,900 12,702 4.761 4.990
Health-related quality of life at discharge Stroke service 0.7500 0.6245 0.1667 -0.1739 0.3701 -
   Usual care 0.7500 0.6163 0.2238 -0.1413 - 0.4201
  after 6 months Stroke service 0.8979 0.7726 0.6758 0.3030 0.7111 -
   Usual care 0.8233 0.6863 0.5351 0.2371 - 0.6239
  1. Note: * Weighted average over four stroke disability categories