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Table 4 Mean cost* for pneumonia and malaria treatment at national referral hospital and pooled data from the 3 district hospitals (2005 US$)

From: The economic burden of inpatient paediatric care in Kenya: household and provider costs for treatment of pneumonia, malaria and meningitis

Cost category Facility type Difference between facilities (95%CI) P value
  National hospital District hospitals   
Pneumonia     
Investigations 18.70 7.36 11.34 (5.10–17.59) < 0.001
Drug cost 15.17 2.95 12.23 (6.46 – 17.99) < 0.001
Hospital stay 143.27 51.77 91.50 (48.21–134.78) < 0.001
Total 177.14 62.08 115.06 (66.54–163.59) < 0.001
Malaria     
Investigations 16.49 16.10 0.38 (-8.15–8.91) 0.93
Drug costs 4.07 3.24 0.83 (-1.0–2.66) 0.37
Hospital stay 75.03 43.08 31.95 (13.56–50.33) <0.001
Total 95.58 62.42 33.15 (10.84 – 55.47) 0.004
  1. *Excluding pre-admission costs, caretaker time and transport costs