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Table 4 Predicted probabilities of provider usage under different insurance schemes and income quintiles

From: Are there differences between unconditional and conditional demand estimates? implications for future research and policy

  Unconditional estimates (%) Conditional estimates (%)
  Uninsured Askes Jamsostek Uninsured Askes Jamsostek
Self-treatments:       
   Quintile 1st (lowest) 84.77 77.20 74.74 75.67 65.44 62.45
   Quintile 2nd 83.34 75.68 71.69 73.41 63.24 58.20
   Quintile 3rd 81.80 74.14 68.88 71.27 61.29 54.83
   Quintile 4th 81.22 73.84 66.88 70.99 61.77 53.16
   Quintile 5th(highest) 79.55 73.11 62.78 68.51 60.63 48.06
Average 82.02 74.70 68.73 71.68 62.29 54.77
Ratio (Q-5th/Q-1st) 0.94 0.95 0.84 0.91 0.93 0.77
Public providers:       
   Quintile 1st (lowest) 12.34 20.01 16.50 19.69 30.32 24.65
   Quintile 2nd 12.55 20.34 16.29 19.78 30.47 23.74
   Quintile 3rd 12.81 20.66 16.09 19.87 30.55 22.97
   Quintile 4th 12.05 19.60 14.80 17.94 27.87 20.01
   Quintile 5th(highest) 10.23 16.74 11.79 14.85 23.35 15.36
Average 11.95 19.40 14.99 18.23 28.23 20.97
Ratio (Q-5th/Q-1st) 0.83 0.84 0.71 0.75 0.77 0.62
Private providers:       
   Quintile 1st (lowest) 2.90 2.79 8.75 4.63 4.24 12.90
   Quintile 2nd 4.11 3.98 12.02 6.81 6.28 18.05
   Quintile 3rd 5.39 5.20 15.03 8.86 8.16 22.20
   Quintile 4th 6.73 6.56 18.32 11.07 10.35 26.83
   Quintile 5th(highest) 10.22 10.14 25.43 16.64 16.02 36.58
Average 6.03 5.90 16.28 10.09 9.49 24.26
Ratio (Q-5th/Q-1st) 3.53 3.63 2.91 3.59 3.78 2.84