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Table 2 Model estimates. Costs in SEK 2004.

From: Non-pharmaceutical prevention of hip fractures – a cost-effectiveness analysis of a community-based elderly safety promotion program in Sweden

   Total cost of which: Health effects*
   Medical care Pharmaceuticals Community care Informal care QALYs § YLS YLS §
Men, aged 65–79 y
1st year 466,630 177,121 9,730 256,387 23,392 3.54 20.48 12.51
avoided 1st year 30,160 13,256 568 14,974 1,363 6.74 16.31 9.42
difference 436,469 163,865 9,162 241,414 22,028 3.20 4.17 3.09
Men, aged 80+ y
1st year 296,974 140,625 5,242 138,488 12,620 1.72 11.21 8.55
avoided 1st year 19,918 10,118 330 8,684 787 3.03 9.89 7.41
difference 277,056 130,507 4,911 129,804 11,833 1.32 1.31 1.14
Women, aged 65–79 y
1st year 608,211 207,675 13,474 354,703 32,358 3.93 17.11 10.10
avoided 1st year 60,516 24,246 1,220 32,121 2,929 6.63 13.89 7.81
difference 547,695 183,429 12,255 322,582 29,429 2.70 3.22 2.29
Women, aged 80+ y
1st year 370,170 156,440 7,181 189,304 17,245 1.85 9.71 7.30
avoided 1st year 39,846 18,491 720 18,901 1,734 2.97 8.85 6.57
difference 330,324 137,948 6,462 170,403 15,511 1.12 0.86 0.73
  1. *survivors at the age of 100 years are assumed to be dead at the age of 100.
  2. § discounted 3%.