Skip to main content

Table 10 Estimated price of water and electricity for selected countries in 2000 I$ and US$

From: Enhancing the comparability of costing methods: cross-country variability in the prices of non-traded inputs to health programmes

Country GDP per Capita (I$) In or out-of-sample1 Type Price per unit2 Price per unit
     Mean (I$) 95% uncertainty interval Low 95% uncertainty interval High SD Mean (US$) SD
Mali 636 In Water (m3) 1.42 1.15 1.72 0.18 0.45 0.06
   Out Electricity (kWh) 0.37 0.25 0.52 0.09 0.12 0.03
Mozambique 720 In Water (m3) 1.37 1.12 1.65 0.17 0.41 0.05
   Out Electricity (kWh) 0.26 0.17 0.38 0.07 0.08 0.02
Indonesia 3,168 In Water (m3) 1.13 0.99 1.28 0.09 0.26 0.02
   In Electricity (kWh) 0.19 0.15 0.24 0.03 0.04 0.01
Ecuador 3,261 In Water (m3) 1.07 0.89 1.25 0.11 0.36 0.04
   In Electricity (kWh) 0.21 0.17 0.25 0.02 0.07 0.01
Algeria 3,949 In Water (m3) 1.35 1.04 1.69 0.20 0.61 0.09
   Out Electricity (kWh) 0.22 0.18 0.26 0.02 0.10 0.01
Romania 6,412 Out Water (m3) 1.18 0.97 1.41 0.14 0.30 0.04
   Out Electricity (kWh) 0.18 0.16 0.21 0.02 0.05 0.01
Russian 8,036 Out Water (m3) 0.96 0.79 1.15 0.11 0.22 0.02
Federation   Out Electricity (kWh) 0.13 0.10 0.17 0.02 0.03 0.00
Bahrain 14,159 Out Water (m3) 1.24 0.83 1.75 0.28 0.98 0.22
   Out Electricity (kWh) 0.23 0.18 0.28 0.03 0.18 0.02
Greece 16,706 Out Water (m3) 0.97 0.76 1.19 0.13 0.61 0.08
   In Electricity (kWh) 0.18 0.14 0.21 0.02 0.11 0.01
United Arab 20,331 Out Water (m3) 1.26 0.78 1.93 0.35 1.27 0.35
Emirates   Out Electricity (kWh) 0.18 0.14 0.22 0.02 0.18 0.02
United 24,348 Out Water (m3) 1.04 0.81 1.30 0.15 1.02 0.15
Kingdom   In Electricity (kWh) 0.14 0.11 0.17 0.02 0.14 0.02
Canada 28,088 In Water (m3) 0.78 0.56 1.05 0.14 0.63 0.11
   Out Electricity (kWh) 0.11 0.09 0.14 0.02 0.09 0.02
  1. 1In and out of sample indicate whether or not the country was included in the data set used to estimate the model.
  2. 2Regional estimates are available at http://www.who.int/choice.