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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of patients with mild HAV infection, Almaty, Kazakhstan, 2001

From: Cost-analysis of different management policies for patients with mild hepatitis A virus infection in Kazakhstan

Variables All patients (n = 451) Inpatients (n = 200) Outpatients (n = 251)
Gender (%)    
   Male 50.9 50.0 51.4
   Female 49.1 50.0 48.6
Marital status (%)    
   Married 17.8 21.0 8.9
   Unmarried 85.2 79.0 91.1
Education level (%)    
   Never attended or kindergarten 13.2 0.5 23.4
   School 1–8 years 55.8 72.0 42.7
   Grades 9–11 years 16.3 27.5 17.3
   High school graduate 1.1 - 2.0
   College 1–3 years or graduate 13.6 - 14.5
Ethnicity (%)    
   Kazakhs 40.6 36.0 44.2
   Russians 49.2 54.5 45.0
   Uzbek 2.4 2.0 2.8
   Others 7.8 7.5 8.0
Employment status (%)    
   Employed 16.4 26.5 6.7
   Unemployed 83.6 73.5 93.3
Tobacco use (%)    
   Smoker 20.3 32.0 9.9
   Nonsmoker 79.7 68.0 90.1
Urban status (%)    
   Urban 99.8 100.0 99.6
   Rural 0.2 - 0.4
Home ownership (%)    
   Owned 98.2 99.5 97.2
   Rented 1.8 0.5 2.8
Age group (%)    
   ≤ 18 66.3 37.5 89.2
   19 – 26 22.6 42.5 6.8
   27 – 34 6.7 12.5 2.0
   ≥ 35 4.4 7.5 2.0
Mean Age (years) (SE) 17 (0.41) 22 (0.49) 12 (0.43)
Mean household income (US$) (SE) 886.6 (60.03) 898.2 (61.65) 502.3 (28.38)
  1. Standard error (SE) are values in parenthesis.