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Table 2 Costs (per patient) related to open and laparoscopic cholecystectomy, in 2004 Thai Baht, and used as inputs in the model

From: Is it worth offering a routine laparoscopic cholecystectomy in developing countries? A Thailand case study

  Open cholecystectomy Laparoscopic cholecystectomy
Variables Mean Standard error Mean Standard error
Direct costs     
Cholecystectomy (pre-, intra-, and post-operation) 9,355 717 20,790 507
Conversion from Laparoscopic to open cholecystectomy    25,782 1,518
Intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) 1,502 154 1,502 154
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)    2,011 120
Open choledocholithectomy 15,201 1,590 15,201 1,590
Endoscopic sphincterotomy    9,923 639
Treatment bile duct injury 12,068 2,926 12,068 2,926
Self-prescriptions and visiting private clinics (after discharge from hospital) 566 204 567 249
Indirect costs     
Foods, accommodations, and lost working and spare times, on the part of relatives during admission 7,519 383 3,810 759
Lost working and spare times, on the part of relatives after discharging from hospital 2,945 1,409 2,693 650
Lost working and spare times, on the part of patients (on a whole course) 4,008 1,004 2,069 488
Transfer costs (i.e. sick compensations) 69 55 17 12