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Table 4 10,000 times Monte Carlo simulation results and a deterministic result of cost and effectiveness

From: Comparing the cost effectiveness of harm reduction strategies: a case study of the Ukraine

Infection averted   Monte Carlo Simulation Deterministic
   Combined NSP OST Combined NSP OST
Cost   1,574,559.00 247,108.68 1,206,760.80 1,565,967.17 247,148.20 1,199,134.00
  Std 580,415.89 67,045.82 419,480.75    
  Upper CI(95%) 1,585,935.20 248,422.78 1,214,982.60    
  Lower CI(95%) 1,563,182.90 245,794.58 1,198,539.00    
Effect   1,848.76 506.98 1,053.10 1,848.74 506.98 1,053.03
  Std 6.78 5.33 5.39    
  Upper CI(95%) 1,848.89 507.08 1,053.21    
  Lower CI(95%) 1,848.63 506.88 1,052.99    
CE   851.68 487.41 1,145.91 847.05 487.49 1,138.75
  Std 95.06 54.01 128.57    
  Upper CI(95%) 853.55 488.47 1,148.43    
  Lower CI(95%) 849.82 486.35 1,143.39    
QALY        
   combined NSP OST combined NSP OST
Cost   1,563,571.10 247,577.10 1,195,319.80 1,565,967.17 247,148.20 1,199,134.00
  Std 579,705.31 66,864.85 418,960.03    
  Upper CI(95%) 1,574,933.30 248,887.65 1,203,531.40    
  Lower CI(95%) 1,552,208.90 246,266.55 1,187,108.10    
Effect   4,183.51 2,970.21 2,599.08 4,183.51 2,970.21 2,599.04
  Std 7.47 5.69 5.71    
  Upper CI(95%) 4,183.66 2,970.32 2,599.19    
  Lower CI(95%) 4,183.36 2,970.10 2,598.97    
CE   373.75 83.35 459.90 374.32 83.21 461.38
  Std 95.06 54.01 128.57    
  Upper CI (95%) 374.57 83.55 460.93    
  Lower CI (95%) 372.92 83.15 458.87