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Table 2 Risk factor levels in risk groups and changes 12 months later

From: Heterogeneity in cost-effectiveness of lifestyle counseling for metabolic syndrome risk groups -primary care patients in Sweden

   Men Women
Risk group   Low (n = 4) Medium (n = 19) High (n = 39) Low (n = 37) Medium (n = 28) High (n = 15)
Age
  start 46 54 53 52 55 55
BMI¤
  start 28.3 33.0 32.6 30.4 33.1 35.3
  12 months 27.2 32.6 32.2 29.6 32.0 34.7
  difference -1.1* -0.4* -0.4** -0.8* -1.1** -0.7*
Waist circumtance +
  start 98 111 113 98 104 111
  12 months 93 109 110 94 101 104
  difference -5** -2* -3** -4** -3** -7**
Fasting glucose ¤,+
  start 5.9 5.7 6.8 5.5 6.7 7.7
  12 months 6.1 5.6 6.5 5.4 6.5 7.1
  difference +0.2 -0.1* -0.3* -0.1 -0.2* -0.6*
Triglyceride +
  start 1.1 1.4 3.0 1.4 2.2 2.6
  12 months 0.9 1.6 3.1 1.3 2.0 2.4
  difference -0.2 -0.2* -0.1 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2*
HDL cholesterol ,+
  start 1.4 1.2 1.0 1.5 1.3 1.2
  12 months 1.6 1.3 1.1 1.6 1.4 1.3
  difference +0.2* +0.1** +0.1** +0.1** +0.1* +0.1*
Cholesterol¤
  start 4.3 4.5 4.4 5.0 4.8 4.7
  12 months 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.9 5.0 4.4
  difference -0.1* -0.2** -0.1* -0.1 -0.2* -0.3*
Systolic blood pressure ¤,+
  start 140 148 150 137 147 154
  12 months 132 143 141 137 140 144
  difference -8* -5* -9** 0 -7* -10**
Diastolic blood pressure ,+
  start 83 86 88 80 86 86
  12 months 80 85 84 78 84 81
  difference -3 -1 -4* -2* -2* -5**
  1. ¤ parameter in Markov model.
  2. + definition of metabolic syndrome.
  3. ** p < 0.01.
  4. * p < 0.05.