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Table 3 Resource use at baseline and 1 year follow-up (past 1 year for accommodation & inpatient services, past 3 months for all other services)

From: Cost-effectiveness of adherence therapy versus health education for people with schizophrenia: randomised controlled trial in four European countries

  Adherence therapy (n = 204) Health education (n = 205)
Baseline 1 year follow-up Baseline 1 year follow-up
Valid n Users (n, %) Mean* Valid n Users (n, %) Mean1 Valid n Users (n, %) Mean1 Valid n Users (n, %) Mean1
Specialised accommodation 204 35 (17) 318 177 33 (19) 320 205 35 (17) 328 196 39 (20) 292
Secondary care
Psychiatric inpatient days 204 86 (42) 102 176 47 (27) 113 205 83 (41) 100 196 50 (26) 100
Non-psychiatric inpatient days 204 14 (7) 16 176 6 (3) 14 205 20 (10) 40 196 12 (6) 17
Psychiatric outpatient visits 204 47 (23) 2 177 26 (15) 2 205 53 (26) 3 196 39 (20) 1
Emergency department & other outpatient visits 204 20 (10) 2 177 9 (5) 2 205 14 (7) 1 196 7 (4) 1
Day hospital visits 204 15 (7) 20 177 2 (1) 19 205 9 (4) 4 196 6 (3) 11
Community-based services
Community mental health centre visits 204 54 (27) 18 177 60 (34) 19 205 49 (24) 18 196 57 (30) 17
Day care centre visits 204 23 (11) 20 177 14 (8) 16 205 18 (9) 32 196 19 (10) 21
Group therapy visits 204 3 (2) 21 177 3 (2) 21 205 4 (2) 7 196 1 (1) 12
Sheltered workshop visits 204 9 (4) 24 177 2 (1) 22 205 6 (3) 38 196 3 (2) 36
Specialist education visits 204 1 (< 1) 24 177 1 (1) 36 205 1 (< 1) 4 196 1 (1) 6
Primary and community care professionals
Psychiatrist contacts 204 140 (69) 4 177 118 (37) 4 205 145 (71) 4 195 143 (73) 3
Psychologist contacts 204 3 (2) 7 177 6 (3) 15 205 8 (4) 6 196 6 (3) 14
Primary care physician contacts 204 86 (42) 2 177 80 (45) 2 205 90 (44) 3 195 84 (40) 2
District nurse contacts 204 3 (2) 27 177 3 (2) 32 205 2 (1) 7 196 4 (2) 26
Community psychiatric nurse/case manager contacts 204 71 (35) 5 177 67 (38) 8 205 77 (38) 6 195 71 (36) 11
Social worker contacts 204 30 (15) 6 177 19 (11) 4 205 20 (10) 5 195 20 (10) 4
Occupational therapist contacts 204 3 (2) 36 177 5 (3) 16 205 5 (2) 43 195 1 (1) 1
Home help/care worker contacts 204 9 (4) 24 177 5 (3) 26 205 8 (4) 19 195 10 (5) 18
Medications
Antipsychotics 197 177 (90)   175 162 (93)   204 185 (91)   196 184 (94)  
Antidepressants 195 60 (31)   173 52 (30)   204 45 (22)   196 47 (24)  
Benzodiazepines 194 79 (41)   174 49 (28)   204 71 (35)   196 55 (28)  
Mood stabilisers 194 20 (10)   173 17 (10)   204 23 (11)   196 22 (11)  
Anticholinergics 195 26 (13)   173 29 (17)   204 33 (16)   196 32 (16)  
Informal care hours per week 204 103 (50) 11 177 63 (36) 14 205 98 (48) 12 195 69 (35) 8
Criminal justice system
Police contacts 204 13 (6) 2 177 6 (3) 1 205 13 (6) 1 196 9 (5) 1
Nights spent in police cell or prison 204 3 (1) 22 177 1 (1) 1 205 3 (1) 2 196 2 (1) 6
Psychiatric assessment whilst in custody 204 2 (1) 1 177 0 - - 205 1 (< 1) 1 196 1 (1) 1
Criminal court appearances 204 1 (< 1) 1 177 0 - - 205 1 (< 1) 1 196 2 (1) 2
Civil court appearances 204 3 (1) 1 177 1 (1) 1 205 1 (< 1) 1 196 0 - -
  1. 1. Mean for those who used services.