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Table 4 Costs for clinical events used in Markov models with a cycle length of 12 months

From: Cost of clinical events in health economic evaluations in Germany: a systematic review

Health state First cycle Follow-up cycles
  na Minimum (€) Maximum (€) na Minimum (€) Maximum (€)
Acute myocardial infarction 9 4,618 17,556 9 1,006 3,647
Angina pectoris 4 3,342 6,840 4 1,315 6,840
Stroke 10 10,149 24,936 10 676 7,337
Heart failure 4 2,859 6,291 3 800 2,859
Microalbuminuria/macroalbuminuria 0 0
End-stage renal disease: renal transplantation 5 45,636 76,135 5 9,129 11,448
Blindness 4 8,685 11,745 2 5,331 10,661
Retinopathy 3 1,862 3,904 1 340 340
Cataract 2 755 1,348 1 0 0
Neuropathy 5 304 4,091 0
Diabetic foot syndrome: amputation 4 15,405 24,818 2 3,304 3,639
  1. a Number of event costs identified.
  2. Costs for fatal events, silent myocardial infarction and transient ischaemic attack have been excluded.